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Pedagogic Processes in Elementary Schools 1 – Learning and Teaching Process

The PDF file below covers the chapter Pedagogic Processes in Elementary Schools 1 – Learning and Teaching Process. The specific topics and contents of the file are listed below.

This study material is useful for the study and revision of the essential and important concepts of Child Development & Pedagogy, Mathematics Pedagogy, EVS Pedagogy, Social Science Pedagogy and Language Pedagogy for CTET Paper 1 and Paper 2 and other teaching exams, such as KVS, TET, REET, DSSSB, UPTET, MPTET, MahaTET, APTET, TSTET, RTET, HTET KARTET, TNTET and PSTET.

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Contents covered in this part of the PDF book under Pedagogic Processes in Elementary Schools 1 – Learning and Teaching Process

Unit 1 Learning and Teaching during Early Schooling

  • 1.0 Introduction
  • 1.1 Learning Objectives
  • 1.2 Learning Process
  • 1.2.1 The Concept and Process
  • 1.2.2 Factors Affecting Learning
  • 1.3 How children learn
  • 1.3.1 Imitation
  • 1.3.2 Observation
  • 1.3.3 Trial and Error
  • 1.3.4 Participation
  • 1.3.5 Discovery / Inquiry
  • 1.3.6 Problem Solving
  • 1.3.7 Learning as Meaning Making
  • 1.4 Process of Teaching
  • 1.4.1 Teaching for Behaviour Modification
  • 1.4.2 Teaching for Development of Cognition
  • 1.4.3 Teaching for Construction of Experience
  • 1.5 Let Us Sum Up
  • 1.6 Model Answers to Check Your Progress
  • 1.7 Suggested Readings and References
  • 1.8 Unit-End Exercise

Unit 2 Approaches to Learning and Teaching

  • 2.0 Introduction
  • 2.1 Learning Objectives
  • 2.2 Approaches to Learning and Teaching
  • 2.2.1 Teacher-Centered Approach,
  • 2.2.2 Subject-Centered Approach
  • 2.2.3 Learner-Centered Approaches
  • 2.2.4 Competency-Based Approach
  • 2.2.5 Constructivist Approach
  • 2.3 Comparison of Approaches
  • 2.4 Let Us Sum up
  • 2.5 Model Answers to Check Your Progress
  • 2.6 Suggested Readings and Reference
  • 2.7 Unit-End Exercises

Unit 3 Methods of Learning and Teaching

  • 3.0 Introduction
  • 3.1 Learning Objectives
  • 3.2 Effective Methods of Learning and Teaching.
  • 3.2.1 Classification of Methods.
  • 3.3 Instructional Methods.
  • 3.3.1 Lecture Method
  • 3.3.2 Demonstration Method
  • 3.3.3 Inductive and Deductive Method
  • 3.4 Student- Centred Methods
  • 3.4.1 Play-way Method
  • 3.4.2 Project Method
  • 3.4.3 Problem solving Method
  • 3.4.4 Discovery Method
  • 3.5 Let Us Sum Up
  • 3.6 Model Answers to Check Your Progress
  • 3.7 Suggested Readings and References
  • 3.8 Unit-End Exercises

Unit 4 Learning and Learner Centred Approaches and Methods

  • 4.0 Introduction
  • 4.1 Learning Objectives
  • 4.2 Approaches to learning
  • 4.2.1 Learner-Centred Approach
  • 4.2.2 Learning-Centred Approach
  • 4.2.3 Cooperative Learning
  • 4.2.4 Collaborative Learning
  • 4.3 Activity-Based Approach
  • 4.3.1 Learning activity and its elements
  • 4.3.2 Classroom Management of Learning Activities
  • 4.3.3 Advantages of Activity
  • 4.3.4 Issues and Concerns Associated with Activity Based Approach
  • 4.4 Let Us Sum Up
  • 4.5 Model Answers to Check Your Progress
  • 4.6 Suggested Readings and References
  • 4.7 Unit-End Exercises

This study material was originally published on the National Institute of Open Schooling – NIOS website as part of the study material for the Diploma in Elementary Education (D.El.Ed) programme.


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Subscribe to MagicExam YouTube channel for free videos on CTET 2022 and 2023, KVS, TET, REET, DSSSB, UPTET, MPTET, MahaTET, APTET, TSTET, RTET, HTET, PSTET and other Teaching exam preparation, solved question papers, syllabus analysis, result related news and other information videos.

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