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Child As A Problem Solver and A Scientific Investigator CTET CDP 19 English

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Child As A Problem Solver and A Scientific Investigator CTET CDP 19 English

Chapter : 00:00 Child As A Problem Solver and A Scientific Investigator

Chapter : 00:22 Important Topics

– What are Problems ?
– Types of Problems
– Problem-based Learning
– The Steps in Problem Solving
– Problem Solving Strategies
– The Gestalt Approach
– The Scientific Method
– Graham Wallas – Creative Problem Solving
– Classroom Strategies
– Developing Problem Solving Skills
– Importance of Problem Solving
– Child As A Problem Solver
– Child As A Scientific Investigator
– Essential traits to be encouraged
– Sample Questions

Chapter : 01:25 What are Problems ?

Problems are Everywhere, Everyday !

I need to
– wake up at 5 AM – How ?
– make tea – Ingredients ?
– have breakfast – Make or order ?
– go to work – Car not starting !
– complete urgent tasks – Priority ?
– do some shopping – What, Where ?
– watch a movie – Which one, Where ?

Chapter : 02:47 Types of Problems

ill Structured – Not Clearly defined – “My car is making a ‘Karr Karr’ sound sometimes.”

well structured – Clearly defined – “The left front wheel is making a noise.”

Chapter : 03:42 Problem Based Learning

– Students learn by working in groups to solve an open-ended problem
– This is a Constructivist and Learner Centric Approach
– The problem drives the motivation and the learning

Students can Learn
– Working in teams
– Leadership skills
– Oral and written communication.
– Self-awareness
– Critical thinking and analysis.
– Explaining concepts
– Applying theories to real-world examples
– Researching ability

Traditional Approach – Teacher Tells What Students Need to Know – Students Understand it or Memorize it – Students Solve Examples to use it.

Problem Based Learning – Problem is Assigned to the Students – Students figure out what they need to know – Students apply their knowledge & solve it

Chapter : 06:56 The Steps in Problem Solving

Various Problem Solving Approaches and models.

Chapter : 07:39 The Steps in Problem Solving

Steps – Example
Identify Problem – Not able to call from my mobile.
Analyze Problem – Network, Phone, SIM issue ?
Hypothesize Solutions – Go outside for signal, Restart Phone, Reinsert SIM
Evaluate Solutions – Start with easiest solution first
Execute Selected Solution – Restart phone
Evaluate Outcomes – Able to call or not ?
Learn & Develop – Build on Solution or Go back to Analysis mode

Chapter : 09:01 Problem Solving Strategies

– Use a Rule or Formula
– Guess and Check – Trail & Error
– Make a table or list
– Create a Diagram, Chart or Model
– Act out the problem
– Find a pattern
– Identify relevant and irrelevant information
– Break down problem into smaller parts
– Use Logic and Reasoning
– Solve a simpler problem
– Work backwards

Chapter : 11:05 The Gestalt Approach

Reproductive Thinking – Reusing Previous Experience

Productive Thinking – New approach by Restructuring the problem

Chapter : 12:28 The Gestalt Approach

Algorithmic Approach
– Series of Steps
– Predictable Outcome

Heuristic Approach
– Educated Guess
– Guide for future situations

Chapter : 13:48 The Scientific Method

Ask a question – Why is the Torch not working?
Do Background Research – Reasons – Batteries, Bulb, Switch
Construct a Hypothesis – Maybe batteries need to be changed
Test the Hypothesis – Change batteries
Did the Hypothesis work? – Does the Torch Work now?
Yes – Draw conclusions and communicate results – The problem was with batteries
No – Construct a new Hypothesis – Perhaps the Bulb is fused

Chapter : 15:34 Graham Wallas – Creative Problem Solving

– British Social psychologist, Educationalist
– Co-founder – London School of Economics
– Proponent of Nurture over Nature theory
– Proposed one of the first complete models of the creative process

Chapter : 16:19 Graham Wallas – Creative Problem Solving

Preparation – Incubation – Illumination – Verification – Elaboration

Chapter : 18:03 Strategies for Teaching Problem Solving

– Use any specific problem-solving method
– Teach within a specific context
– Help students understand the problem
– Give enough time for all
– Ask questions, make suggestions
– Link errors to misconceptions
– Reinforce learnings

Chapter : 19:55 Developing Problem Solving Skills – Importance of Problem Solving

– Improved Academic Performance
– Better Social Skills
– Happier Outlook
– Self Confidence & Recognition
– Life Readiness

Chapter : 20:48 Developing Problem Solving Skills – Training Children As Problem Solvers

– Able to anticipate problems in life
– Able to deal with unexpected situations
– Able to take rational decisions
– Able to lead others when required

Chapter : 21:31 Developing Problem Solving Skills – Training Children As Scientific Investigators

– Develop Reasoning Abilities
– Develop a Logical Approach
– Foundational Skills for STEM learning

Chapter : 22:19 Essential traits to be encouraged

A Teacher Should :
– Help Develop Language Skills
– Encourage Curiosity & Scientific thought
– Reward Effort & Process – not just Results
– Help Develop Focus & Persistence
– Encourage Imagination & Divergent views
– Allow Children to Question Status Quo
– Provide Scaffolding wherever required

Chapter : 24:02 Which of the following is the first step in the scientific method of problem-solving?

– Formation of hypothesis
– Verification of hypothesis
– Problem awareness
– Collection of relevant information

Chapter : 24:43 If a teacher wants her students to acquire problem-solving skills, the students should be engaged in activities that involve

– recall, memorisation and comprehension
– structured worksheets containing multiple-choice questions
– drill and practice
– inquiring, reasoning and decision making

Chapter : 25:56 Which of the following statements about children are correct?

I. Children are passive recipients of knowledge.
II. Children are problem-solvers.
III. Children are scientific investigators.
IV. Children are active explorers of the environment.

– II, III and IV
– I, II, III and IV
– I, II and III
– I, II and III

Chapter : 26:49 Which of the following does not deter problem-solving?

– Insight
– Mental sets
– Entrenchment
– Fixation

Chapter : 28:43 To enable students to think independently and become effective learners, it is important for a teacher to

– teach students how to monitor their own learning
– offer rewards for each success achieved by the students
– give information in small units or chunks
– present information in an organised manner to make it easier to recall


Click on the YouTube video link in the article above, to watch the entire video on YouTube. You can also click on the 'Chapter' link time-stamps to go directly to the specific question or part of the video.

Subscribe to MagicExam YouTube channel for free videos on CTET 2022 and 2023, KVS, TET, REET, DSSSB, UPTET, MPTET, MahaTET, APTET, TSTET, RTET, HTET, PSTET, KARTET, TNTET and other teaching exam preparation, solved question papers, syllabus analysis, result related news and other information videos.

If you have any questions, comments or feedback - please post them as YouTube comments under the specific videos and we will clarify or reply as soon as possible.
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