# NCHM JEE 2016 Previous Question Paper Mock Test Series

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Note : These are the question headers from the NCHM JEE 2016 Previous Year Question Paper for reference purposes only. The full question paper, along with answer keys and explanatory videos for important questions are included in the MagicExam NCHM JEE 2020 Mock Test Online Series.

1. A library has an average of 510 visitors on Sundays and 240 on other days. The average number of visitors per day in a month of 30 days beginning with a Sunday is

2. A number when divided by 6 leaves a remainder 3. When the square of the number is divided by 6, the remainder is

3. Find the sum of all even natural numbers less than 75.

4. Six bells commence tolling together and toll at intervals of 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 seconds respectively. In 30 minutes, how many times do they toll together?

5. Mr. Bhaskar is an tour and he has Rs. 360 for his expenses. If he exceeds his tour by 4 days, he must cut down his daily expenses by Rs. 3. For how many days is Mr. Bhaskar on tour?

6.

7. Three-fifth of the square of a certain number is 126.15. What is the number?

8. The H.C.F. of two numbers is 8. Which one of the following can never be their L.C.M.?

9.Simplify the equation given below:

10. If 1.5x = 0.04y, then the value of the expression below.

11. In measuring the sides of a rectangle, one side is taken 5 Percent in excess, and the other 4 Percent in deficit. Find the error per cent in the area calculated from these measurements.

12. In a two-digit number, the digit in the unit’s place is four times the digit in ten’s place and sum of the digits is equal to 10. What is the number?

13. When the numerator of a fraction increases by 4, the fraction increases by 2/3. The denominator of the fraction is

14. The ratio between the present ages of P and Q is 6 : 7. If Q is 4 years older than P, what will be the ratio of the ages of P and Q after 4 years?

15. If the cost of x metres of wire is d rupees, then what is the cost of y metres of wire at the same rate?

16. Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 24 min. and 32 min. respectively. If both the pipes are opened simultaneously, after how much time B should be closed so that the tank is full in 18 minutes?

17. In a stream running at 2 kmph, a motorboat goes 6 km upstream and back again to the starting point in 33 minutes. Find the speed of the motorboat in still water.

18. If the sales tax be reduced from to 31/2 Percent to 31/3 then what difference does it make to a person who purchases an article with marked price of Rs. 8400?

19. A man bought a horse and a carriage for Rs. 3000. He sold the horse at a gain of 20 Percent and the carriage at a loss of 10 Percent , thereby gaining 2 Percent on the whole. Find the cost of the horse.

20. Two numbers are in the ratio 3 : 5. If 9 is subtracted from each, the new numbers are in the ratio 12 : 23. The smaller number is

21. The bar graph given below shows the foreign exchange reserves of a country (in million US Dollars) from 2008-09 to 2015-16. Answer the question based on this graph.

The ratio of the number of years in which the foreign exchange reserves are above the average reserves to those in which the reserves are below the average reserves is

22. The bar graph given below shows the foreign exchange reserves of a country (in million US Dollars) from 2008-09 to 2015-16. Answer the question based on this graph.

The foreign exchange reserves in 2014-15 was how many times that in 2011-12?

23. The bar graph given below shows the foreign exchange reserves of a country (in million US Dollars) from 2008-09 to 2015-16. Answer the question based on this graph.

What was the percentage increase in the foreign exchange reserves in 2014-15 over 2010-11?

24. The bar graph given below shows the foreign exchange reserves of a country (in million US Dollars) from 2008-09 to 2015-16. Answer the question based on this graph.

For which year, the per cent .increase of foreign exchange reserves over the previous year is the highest?

25. The bar graph given below shows the foreign exchange reserves of a country (in million US Dollars) from 2008-09 to 2015-16. Answer the question based on this graph.

The foreign exchange reserves in 2013-14 were approx. What per cent of the average foreign exchange reserves over the period under review?

26. The following table gives the percentage of marks obtained by seven students in six different subjects in an examination. Study the table and answer the questions based on it. The numbers in the brackets show the maximum marks in each subject.

 Math Chemistry Physics Geography History Computer Science Students (150) (130) (120) (100) (60) (40) Aditi 90 50 90 60 70 80 Aman 100 80 80 40 80 70 Sapan 90 60 70 70 90 70 Rahul 80 65 80 80 60 60 Mukesh 80 65 85 95 50 90 Tanvi 70 75 65 85 40 60 Sanjay 65 35 50 77 80 80

In which subject is the overall percentage the best?

27. The following table gives the percentage of marks obtained by seven students in six different subjects in an examination. Study the table and answer the questions based on it. The numbers in the brackets show the maximum marks in each subject.

 Math Chemistry Physics Geography History Computer Science Students (150) (130) (120) (100) (60) (40) Aditi 90 50 90 60 70 80 Aman 100 80 80 40 80 70 Sapan 90 60 70 70 90 70 Rahul 80 65 80 80 60 60 Mukesh 80 65 85 95 50 90 Tanvi 70 75 65 85 40 60 Sanjay 65 35 50 77 80 80

What was the aggregate of marks obtained by Sapan in all the six subjects?

28. The following table gives the percentage of marks obtained by seven students in six different subjects in an examination. Study the table and answer the questions based on it. The numbers in the brackets show the maximum marks in each subject.

 Math Chemistry Physics Geography History Computer Science Students (150) (130) (120) (100) (60) (40) Aditi 90 50 90 60 70 80 Aman 100 80 80 40 80 70 Sapan 90 60 70 70 90 70 Rahul 80 65 80 80 60 60 Mukesh 80 65 85 95 50 90 Tanvi 70 75 65 85 40 60 Sanjay 65 35 50 77 80 80

What is the overall percentage of Sanjay?

29. The following table gives the percentage of marks obtained by seven students in six different subjects in an examination. Study the table and answer the questions based on it. The numbers in the brackets show the maximum marks in each subject.

 Math Chemistry Physics Geography History Computer Science Students (150) (130) (120) (100) (60) (40) Aditi 90 50 90 60 70 80 Aman 100 80 80 40 80 70 Sapan 90 60 70 70 90 70 Rahul 80 65 80 80 60 60 Mukesh 80 65 85 95 50 90 Tanvi 70 75 65 85 40 60 Sanjay 65 35 50 77 80 80

What are the average marks (approx.) obtained by all the seven students in Physics?

30. The following table gives the percentage of marks obtained by seven students in six different subjects in an examination. Study the table and answer the questions based on it. The numbers in the brackets show the maximum marks in each subject.

 Math Chemistry Physics Geography History Computer Science Students (150) (130) (120) (100) (60) (40) Aditi 90 50 90 60 70 80 Aman 100 80 80 40 80 70 Sapan 90 60 70 70 90 70 Rahul 80 65 80 80 60 60 Mukesh 80 65 85 95 50 90 Tanvi 70 75 65 85 40 60 Sanjay 65 35 50 77 80 80

The number of student(s) who obtained 60 Percent and above marks in all the subjects is

31. Find the odd one out.

3, 8, 18, 46, 100, 210, 432

32. Find the odd one out.

4, 5, 15, 49, 201, 1011, 6073

33. The question has a statement followed by two conclusions I and II. Consider the statement and the following conclusions. Decide which of the conclusions follows from the statement.
A. if conclusion I follows.
B. if conclusion II follows.
C. if neither conclusion I nor II follows.
D. if both conclusions I and II follow.

Statement : The best way to escape from a problem is to solve it.

Conclusions :
I. Your life will be dull if you don’t face a problem.
II. To escape from problems, you should always have some solutions with you.

34. The question has a statement followed by two conclusions I and II. Consider the statement and the following conclusions. Decide which of the conclusions follows from the statement.
A. if conclusion I follows.
B. if conclusion II follows.
C. if neither conclusion I nor II follows.
D. if both conclusions I and II follow.

Statement : India’s economy is dependent mainly on forests.

Conclusions :
I. Trees should be preserved to improve the Indian economy.
II. India wants only maintenance of forests to improve economic conditions.

35. This question has an Assertion (A) and Reason (R).
A. if both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
B. if both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is NOT the correct explanation of (A).
C. if (A) is true but (R) is false.
D. if (A) is false but (R) is true.

Assertion (A) : Baking Soda creates acidity in the stomach.
Reason (R) : Baking soda is alkaline.

36. This question has an Assertion (A) and Reason (R).
A. if both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).
B. if both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is NOT the correct explanation of (A).
C. if (A) is true but (R) is false.
D. if (A) is false but (R) is true.

Assertion (A) : Cut fruits and vegetables should not be kept in open for long.
Reason (R) : Their vitamin content is ruined.

37. In a certain code, TOGETHER is written as RQEGRJCT. In the same code, PAROLE will be written as

38. If ‘cinto baoli tsi nzro’ means ‘her village is Sarurpur’; ‘mhi cinto keepi tsi oind’ means ‘her first love is literature’ and ‘oind geit tsi cinto pki’ means ‘literature collection is her hobby’, which word would mean ‘literature’?

39. Pointing to a photograph, a woman says, “This man’s son’s sister is my mother-in-law.” How is the woman’s husband related to the man in the photograph?

40. Four girls are sitting on a bench to be photographed. Shikha is to the left of Reena. Manju is to the right of Reena. Rita is between Reena and Manju. Who would be second from the left in the photograph?

41. A child is looking for his father. He went 90 metres in the East before turning to his right. He went 20 metres before turning to his right again to look for his father at his uncle’s place 30 metres from this point. His father was not there. From here, he went 100 metres to the North before meeting his father in a street. How far did the son meet his father from the starting point?

42. One morning after sunrise, Reeta and Kavita were talking to each other face to face at Tilak Square. If Kavita’s shadow was exactly to the right of Reeta, which direction Kavita was facing?

43. Nitin was counting down from 32. Sumit was counting upwards the numbers starting from 1 and he was calling out only the odd numbers. What common number will they call out at the same time if they were calling out at the same speed?

44. In a class of 60, where girls are twice that of boys, Kamal ranked seventeenth from the top. If there are 9 girls ahead of Kamal, how many boys are after him in rank?

45. There are twenty people working in an office. The first group of five works between 8.00 a.m. and 2.00 p.m. The second group of ten works between 10.00 a.m. and 4.00 p.m. And the third group of five works between 12 noon and 6.00 p.m. There are three computers in the office which all the employees frequently use. During which of the following hours the computers are likely to be used most?

46. At the end of a business conference, all the ten people present shake hands with each other once. How many handshakes will there be altogether?

47. In a caravan, in addition to,50 hens, there are 45 goats and 8 camels with some keepers. If the total number of feet be 224 more than the number of heads in the caravan, the number of keepers is

48. In a 500 m race, the ratio of the speeds of two contestants A and B is 3 : 4. If A has a start of 140 m, then A wins by

49. Two dices are tossed. What is the probability that the total score is a prime number?

50. How many words can be formed by using all the letters of the word ‘DAUGHTER’ so that the vowels always come together?

51. What will be the difference between the sum of the odd digits and the sum of the even digits in the number 857423?

52. A cube is coloured red on two opposite faces, blue on two adjacent faces and yellow on the two remaining faces. It is then cut into two halves along the plane parallel to the red faces. One piece is then cut into four equal cubes and the other one into 32 equal cubes.

How many cubes do not have any coloured face?

53. A cube is coloured red on two opposite faces, blue on two adjacent faces and yellow on the two remaining faces. It is then cut into two halves along the plane parallel to the red faces. One piece is then cut into four equal cubes and the other one into 32 equal cubes.

How many cubes do not have any red face?

54. A cube is coloured red on two opposite faces, blue on two adjacent faces and yellow on the two remaining faces. It is then cut into two halves along the plane parallel to the red faces. One piece is then cut into four equal cubes and the other one into 32 equal cubes.

How many cubes have at least two coloured faces?

55. This question is based on the given diagram in which the triangle represents female graduates, small circle represents self-employed females and the big circle represents self-employed females with bank loan facility. Numbers are shown in the different sections of the diagram. On the basis of these numbers, answer the following question.

How many female graduates are self-employed?

56. This question is based on the given diagram in which the triangle represents female graduates, small circle represents self-employed females and the big circle represents self-employed females with bank loan facility. Numbers are shown in the different sections of the diagram. On the basis of these numbers, answer the following question.

How many female graduates are not self-employed?

57. This question is based on the given diagram in which the triangle represents female graduates, small circle represents self-employed females and the big circle represents self-employed females with bank loan facility. Numbers are shown in the different sections of the diagram. On the basis of these numbers, answer the following question.

How many non-graduate females are self-employed?

58. There are six teachers A, B, C, D, E and F in a school. Each of the teachers teaches two subjects, one compulsory subject and the other optional subject. D’s optional subject was history while three others have it as compulsory subject. E and F have physics as one of their subjects. F’s compulsory subject is mathematics which is an optional subject of both C and E. History and English are A’s subjects but in terms of compulsory and optional subjects, they are just reverse of those D’s. Chemistry is an optional subject of only one of them. The only female teacher in the school has English as her compulsory subject.

What is C’s compulsory subject?

59. There are six teachers A, B, C, D, E and F in a school. Each of the teachers teaches two subjects, one compulsory subject and the other optional subject. D’s optional subject was history while three others have it as compulsory subject. E and F have physics as one of their subjects. F’s compulsory subject is mathematics which is an optional subject of both C and E. History and English are A’s subjects but in terms of compulsory and optional subjects, they are just reverse of those D’s. Chemistry is an optional subject of only one of them. The only female teacher in the school has English as her compulsory subject.

Who is the female member in the group?

60. There are six teachers A, B, C, D, E and F in a school. Each of the teachers teaches two subjects, one compulsory subject and the other optional subject. D’s optional subject was history while three others have it as compulsory subject. E and F have physics as one of their subjects. F’s compulsory subject is mathematics which is an optional subject of both C and E. History and English are A’s subjects but in terms of compulsory and optional subjects, they are just reverse of those D’s. Chemistry is an optional subject of only one of them. The only female teacher in the school has English as her compulsory subject.

Who among the following has same compulsory and optional subjects as those of F’s?

61. The International Fleet Review (IFR) 2016, a ceremonial and stately inspection of naval warships by President of India has taken place in February 2016 in

62. Which one of the following popular fast food chain companies has recently opened its 1000th restaurant/store in India?

63. ‘Neermahal’, a former Royal Palace constructed by King Bir Bikram Kishore Debbarman in 1930 is a famous tourist place in

64. Which one of the following nations has won the men’s football gold medal in the recently concluded South Asian Games 2016?

65. Which among the following cities is placed first as the cleanest among all state capitals and cities with million plus population as per the Swachh Sarvekshan report released by Govt of India in February 2016?

66. In which one of the following Indian cities, the grand finale of World’s second Young Chef Olympiad (YCO) 2016 has taken place in February 2016?

67. Which Pakistan province has recently become first to adopt Hindu Marriage Bill, 2015 in order to allow the minority community to register their marriages?

68. ‘Taj Falaknuma Palace’, a luxurious hotel by Taj Group of hotels is located in

69. Which one of the fast food MNCs in India has partnered with PepsiCo India in February 2016 as its new exclusive beverage and snack provider?

70. Which one of the following universities founded by freedom fighter Pt. Madan Mohan Malviya, is celebrating 100 years of its establishment in February 2016?

71. Which among the following food and edible oil companies recently launched ‘Fortune VIVO’, India’s first diabetes care oil?

72. Which company has launched ‘SKINN’, a fine French perfume in February 2016?

73. ‘The GiG Carnival’, the three day entertainment, food and design festival as part of Incredible India initiative has taken place in February 2016 in

74. The popular heritage hotel ‘Taragarh Palace Hotel’ is located in which part of India?

75. ‘Maharaja Express’, the luxury train covers Delhi-Agra-Ranthambore-Jaipur-Delhi route under the 4 days journey named as

76. Where did the ‘Make in India’ a week long event take place in February 2016?

77. Who has been chosen as the first recipient of the first world Sanskrit Award in 2016 given by Govt of India?

78. ‘Zahra’ and ‘Philae’ are the two Nile cruisers in Egypt owned by which group of hotels from India?

79. ‘Umaid Bhawan Palace, Jodhpur’ which has been named the world’s best hotel of 2016 by the Trip Advisor’s 2016 Travellers’ Choice Awards, is a world famous luxury hotel owned by

80. Which former Indian cricketer has been appointed as a member of the new Anti-corruption Oversight Group?

81. ‘Boutros Boutros-Ghali’, the former sixth United Nations (UN) Secretary-General who has recently passed away at the age of 93 was the politician and diplomat from

82. In which of the following places, Inter-Continental Hotels Group (IHG), one of the world’s leading hotel companies, has unveiled its 5000th hotel ‘The Hotel Indigo’ in February 2016?

83. Which one of the famous Chefs from India started the ‘My Yellow Table Season 2’, a television show on NDTV Good Times in January 2016?

84. Which one of the following companies has launched an Ayurveda product ‘Ratnaprash SugarFree’ in December 2015?

85. In which one of the following cities is the Simhasth Kumbh Mahaparv (Holy Dip) 2016 taking place?

86. Which one of the following popular film stars is the brand ambassador of online grocery store ‘BigBasket’?

87. Which one of the following companies has launched ready to drink flavoured milk beverage brand ‘VIO’ in India?

88. Which one of the following iconic hotels of Delhi is being shut down for face lift for 2 years from April 2016 till April 2018?

89. Who is the writer of the recently released book ‘Life Mantras’?

90. ‘CREAM CRACKER’ and ‘DIGESTIVE MARIE’ are the popular range of biscuits from

91. While driving your car in the market, you inadvertently met with a minor accident involving a cyclist. You will

92. When you observe a cluster of slums in the heart of a modern city, you feel

93. While you are studying for your examination, your neighbour’s children make a lot of loud noise while playing and disturb you a great deal. You will

94. While you are walking in the park in front of your house, you observe there are very few good trees in the park. You will

95. While travelling in a bus, you drink a bottle of Coke and will then

96. While travelling on a long journey in a train, you notice a co-passenger not keeping too well and was looking for some help. You will

97. While working as a primary school teacher, you find a poor student is not able to pay his tuition fee. You will

98. When a new person joins your department in the office, you feel

99. Your driver, who has worked for you for more than 10 years honestly, wants to quit his job, you will

100. In your office, one of your colleagues often takes credit for jobs that you have done, you will

101. While shopping in a busy market, one 10 year old child approaches you and says that he is lost You will

102. When you are having a walk along the seashore, you notice a man drowning and shouting for help. You will

103. While walking on the road, you find an envelope which contains an Aadhaar Card. You will

104. The office you own, has recently acquired a new software and some employees are not able to work with it efficiently. You will

105. While receiving your salary, you discover that your employer has paid extra money. You will

106. While working as a manager in a hotel, you are informed that one of your guests has suddenly become very unwell. You would

107. Truly speaking, who among the following do you admire most?

108. You are waiting at the bus-stop for your bus, when a passer-by comes towards you and enquires about an address nearby. You will

109. While you are working in your office, one colleague asks you to help him complete his urgent assignment. You will

110. When waiting to board a train, you notice an old man struggling with his luggage. You will

111. After having a cup of coffee in a plastic disposable cup at the railway platform, you are unable to see a dustbin around. You will

112. While you are rushing to your office, your immediate neighbour requests you to drop his cheque in the bank, which is located about 500 yards from your office. You will

113. When travelling in a train, one of your co-passengers suddenly realises that he has lost his purse and mobile phone. You will

114. While you are having a walk on the road with your dog, suddenly your dog barks and injures a man on the road. You will

115. Your next door neighbour does not care for his old parents and constantly ignores them. You will

116. While you are working as a manager in the house-keeping department of a 5-star hotel, one day one of your guests gets extremely angry and shouts at the staff for a minor lapse. You will

117. While you are busy preparing yourself for a job interview after two days, your younger sister requests you to help her solve a maths question. You will

118. You are going to meet your friend in the evening when your neighbour calls to help him as he is feeling unwell. You will

119. You are travelling in a reserved compartment on a journey from Delhi to Lucknow, when an old man approaches you to help him as he had no reservation, but had to travel due to an emergency. You will

120. When your preparations for board exams of class 12 are in progress, one of your friends asks you to help him out solve a few questions. You will

121. You and your brother are staying in a joint family. Your brother wishes to stay away from your parents. You will

122. Which of the following is considered to be one of the most desirable quality for a person working in service sector?

123. While working as a teacher, you find one student is not able to cope with the lessons. You will

124. While travelling in a train, you observe a co-passenger drops a hundred rupee note. You will

125. While you are about to cross a major crossing, you notice a blind man struggling to cross the road. You will

126. When you reach your home after your office in the evening, you find your immediate neighbour has parked his car in the slot earmarked for you. You will

127. While you work sincerely in your office and deliver goods, your boss never appreciates your work. You will

128. Everyday morning when you leave your room for your office, you

129. You observe two of your neighbours are having a heated argument in front of your house. You will

130. In the market, you observe a boy is driving his car rashly and hits a poor labourer, who is going on his cycle. Subsequently, the boy starts hitting the labourer blaming him. You will

131. Your company ask you to work in another department of company, which you do not like. You will

132. In case, your colleagues tell you that you are often short tempered, you will

133. While dealing with a customer who is very upset about some services provided by your hotel, which of the following you need most?

134. You observe one of your close friends is often unfair with you. You will

135. Your maid servant, who has been working for you for the past two years, now does not take her job so seriously and even replies you back. You will

136. One of your old friends wants to borrow ? 20,000 from you, you will

137. In case you are allotted substantial additional work in your office, you would

138. While you are locking your flat to go somewhere, you will

139. When you are paying him money, the old rickshaw puller requests you for little extra money than what you normally give, you would

140. When some old and handicapped beggar approaches you begging for money, you think that

141. They were disappointed to see the armed guards. It _____ them from doing anything disruptive.

142. The _____ politician thought that all bureaucrats should be polite to him.

143. Paula was _____ as a child, accepting without a question, everything she was told.

144. The route between the two cities has always been known to wind its _____ way through steep mountain passes and coarse terrain.

145. As there were not enough seats to _____ so many people at the venue of the meeting, they had to put up a big tent outside.

146. Identify the best way of writing the sentence in the context of the correct usage of standard written English.

147. Identify the best way of writing the sentence in the context of the correct usage of standard written English.

148. Identify the best way of writing the sentence in the context of the correct usage of standard written English.

149. Identify the best way of writing the sentence in the context of the correct usage of standard written English.

150. Out of the given group of words, choose the mis-spelt word.

151. Out of the given group of words, choose the mis-spelt word.

152. Out of the given group of words, choose the mis-spelt word.

153. Out of the given group of words, choose the mis-spelt word.

154. Out of the given group of words, choose the mis-spelt word.

155. Choose the word which is opposite in meaning of the underlined word.

Nourishing food is a necessity for a pregnant woman.

156. Choose the word which is opposite in meaning of the underlined word.

A feeling of brotherhood should be propagated amongst the masses.

157. Choose the word which is opposite in meaning of the underlined word.

We must realise the futility of wars.

158. Choose the word which is opposite in meaning of the underlined word.

His punctuality and regularity propitiates everyone with whom he deals.

159. Choose the word which is opposite in meaning of the underlined word.

The problem of dowry in our country has assumed gargantuan proportions.

160. Choose the option which can be substituted for the given words/sentence.

One who plays a game for pleasure and not professionally

161. Choose the option which can be substituted for the given words/sentence.

A light sailing boat built especially for racing

162. Choose the option which can be substituted for the given words/sentence.

A house for storing grains

163. Choose the option which can be substituted for the given words/sentence.

The place where bricks are baked

164. Choose the option which can be substituted for the given words/sentence.

A person pretending to be somebody he is not

165. Find out which part of the sentence has an error. If there is no mistake, the answer is ‘No error’.

Walking in the park one spring afternoon, (A)/ a dog came running from behind (B)/ and bit him in the right leg. (C)/ No error (D)

166. Find out which part of the sentence has an error. If there is no mistake, the answer is ‘No error’.

During their trial in the lower court, (A)/ it was proved that the five accused (B)/ did not carry any espionage activity. (C)/ No error (D)

167. Find out which part of the sentence has an error. If there is no mistake, the answer is ‘No error’.

The Minister had requested for booking only two rooms (A)/ one on the third floor for his staff, (B)/ and the other on the ground floor for himself. (C)/ No error (D)

168. Find out which part of the sentence has an error. If there is no mistake, the answer is ‘No error’.

Do you want (A)/ that I come with you (B)/ or do you want to go alone? (C)/ No error (D)

169. Find out which part of the sentence has an error. If there is no mistake, the answer is ‘No error’.

Unemployment is very high at the moment (A)/ and it’s very difficult (B)/ for the people to find work. (C)/ No error (D)

170. Choose the order of the sentences marked 1, 2, 3 and 4 to form a logical paragraph.

1. Its aim was to remove from dance, any external associations, so that the dancers could concentrate on pure movement and pure pattern.
2. Abstract dance was the name of a specific style of ballet, devised in the 1920s and developed at the Bauhaus.
3. Ballroom dancing, for example, is concerned with the pleasure the movement and pattern-making give to the dancers, and not with some external ‘programme’.
4. In the wider sense, a great deal of dance is ‘abstract’.

171. Choose the order of the sentences marked 1, 2, 3 and 4 to form a logical paragraph.

1. In those countries where the ideals of liberty and equality have received the greatest devotion, and particularly in America, the political constitution has been framed with the precise object of making impossible too great a concentration of power.
2. A philosophy that emphasizes the likeness of all men will be averse from recognizing those exceptional qualities in any individual which place him so clearly above his fellows that he may justly claim to lead and influence them.
3. A different though related strand of thought is equalitarian.
4. Further, when circumstances make it necessary for a particular individual to display qualities of leadership in a very high degree, his position is under constant and bitter attack on the score of dictatorship, and it is necessary for him to conceal his qualities, consciously, behind a facade of ‘ordinariness’.

172. Choose the order of the sentences marked 1, 2, 3 and 4 to form a logical paragraph.

1. It has removed many of the material obstacles to the pursuit of the good life from the majority of mankind in those countries at a high level of technical development.
2. But it has exposed us to new dangers, not the obvious dangers of new weapons of destruction, but the much more serious ones of a purely materialist view of life.
3. The growth of science and technology has conferred obvious and immense benefits upon the community.
4. It has also, as we too often forget, made possible new and daring adventures of the mind.

173. Choose the order of the sentences marked 1, 2, 3 and 4 to form a logical paragraph.

1. There are manifest dangers in the persuasive aspect of leadership.
2. It is alarming, for example, to reflect how great a part the power to speak well has acquired in an age of broadcasting.
3. It is quite possible for men to feel that they are freely giving their allegiance to a leader, when actually they are simply slaves of his techniques of propaganda.
4. At its lowest, the technique of persuasion may involve all those devices of suggestion and propaganda which are so freely available to the unscrupulous in a scientific age.

174. Choose the order of the sentences marked 1, 2, 3 and 4 to form a logical paragraph.

1. The leader should possess high intelligence.
2. The reasons for this frequent neglect of intelligence as a prerequisite of leadership are complex.
3. It is certainly true to say that this is more commonly underrated than any other aspect of leadership.
4. There is first, a very general misunderstanding of such a phrase as ‘of very high intelligence.

175. Choose the word / phrase nearest in meaning to the underlined part.

The operation was touch and go as new complications arose and were solved.

176. Choose the word / phrase nearest in meaning to the underlined part.

My friend got the sack from his first job.

177. Choose the word / phrase nearest in meaning to the underlined part.

In these days of rising prices, we are paying through our nose.

178. Choose the word / phrase nearest in meaning to the underlined part.

The police fired at random at the violent crowd and several persons lost their lives.

179. Choose the word / phrase nearest in meaning to the underlined part.

He resigned the post of his own accord.

180. Choose the word which is nearest in meaning to the underlined word.

We arrived safely at the quay and went ashore.

181. Choose the word which is nearest in meaning to the underlined word.

Editors are known to be persnickety about grammar.

182. Choose the word which is nearest in meaning to the underlined word.

I rather like the quaint little house at the end of the street.

183. Choose the word which is nearest in meaning to the underlined word.

Some of the discoveries of modern science are simply marvellous.

184. Choose the word which is nearest in meaning to the underlined word.

The football coach had a sympathetic presence, albeit a commanding one.

185. Study the passages below to answer the question that follows the passage.

The composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s remarkable musical talent was apparent even before most children can sing a simple nursery rhyme. Wolfgang’s older sister Maria Anna (who the family called Nannerl) was learning the clavier, an early keyboard instrument, when her three-year-old brother took an interest in playing. As Nannerl later recalled, “Wolfgang often spent much time at the clavier picking out thirds, which he was always striking, and his pleasure showed that it sounded good.” Their father Leopold, an assistant concertmaster at the Salzburg Court, recognized his children’s unique gifts and soon devoted himself to their musical education.

Born in Salzburg, Austria, on January 27, 1756, Wolfgang had composed his first original work by age five. Leopold planned to take Nannerl and Wolfgang on tour to play before the European courts. Their first venture was to nearby Munich where the children played for Maximillian III Joseph elector of Bavaria. Leopold soon set his sights on the capital of the Hapsburg Empire, Vienna. On their way to Vienna, the family stopped in Linz, where Wolfgang gave his first public concert. By this time, Wolfgang was not only a virtuoso harpsichord player, but he had also mastered the violin. The audience at Linz was stunned by the six-year-old, and word of his genius soon travelled to Vienna. In a much anticipated concert, the Mozart children appeared at the Schonbrunn Palace on’ October 13, 1762. They utterly charmed the emperor and empress.

Following this success, Leopold was inundated with invitations for the children to play for a fee. Leopold seized the opportunity and booked as many concerts as possible at courts throughout Europe. A concert could last three hours, and the children played at least two in a day. Today, Leopold might be considered the worst kind of stage parent, but at the time, it was not uncommon for prodigies to make extensive concert tours. Even so, it was an exhausting schedule for a child who just past the age of needing an afternoon nap.

According to the passage, Wolfgang became interested in music because

186. Study the passages below to answer the question that follows the passage.

The composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s remarkable musical talent was apparent even before most children can sing a simple nursery rhyme. Wolfgang’s older sister Maria Anna (who the family called Nannerl) was learning the clavier, an early keyboard instrument, when her three-year-old brother took an interest in playing. As Nannerl later recalled, “Wolfgang often spent much time at the clavier picking out thirds, which he was always striking, and his pleasure showed that it sounded good.” Their father Leopold, an assistant concertmaster at the Salzburg Court, recognized his children’s unique gifts and soon devoted himself to their musical education.

Born in Salzburg, Austria, on January 27, 1756, Wolfgang had composed his first original work by age five. Leopold planned to take Nannerl and Wolfgang on tour to play before the European courts. Their first venture was to nearby Munich where the children played for Maximillian III Joseph elector of Bavaria. Leopold soon set his sights on the capital of the Hapsburg Empire, Vienna. On their way to Vienna, the family stopped in Linz, where Wolfgang gave his first public concert. By this time, Wolfgang was not only a virtuoso harpsichord player, but he had also mastered the violin. The audience at Linz was stunned by the six-year-old, and word of his genius soon travelled to Vienna. In a much anticipated concert, the Mozart children appeared at the Schonbrunn Palace on’ October 13, 1762. They utterly charmed the emperor and empress.

Following this success, Leopold was inundated with invitations for the children to play for a fee. Leopold seized the opportunity and booked as many concerts as possible at courts throughout Europe. A concert could last three hours, and the children played at least two in a day. Today, Leopold might be considered the worst kind of stage parent, but at the time, it was not uncommon for prodigies to make extensive concert tours. Even so, it was an exhausting schedule for a child who just past the age of needing an afternoon nap.

What was the consequence of Wolfgang’s first public appearance?

187. Study the passages below to answer the question that follows the passage.

The composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s remarkable musical talent was apparent even before most children can sing a simple nursery rhyme. Wolfgang’s older sister Maria Anna (who the family called Nannerl) was learning the clavier, an early keyboard instrument, when her three-year-old brother took an interest in playing. As Nannerl later recalled, “Wolfgang often spent much time at the clavier picking out thirds, which he was always striking, and his pleasure showed that it sounded good.” Their father Leopold, an assistant concertmaster at the Salzburg Court, recognized his children’s unique gifts and soon devoted himself to their musical education.

Born in Salzburg, Austria, on January 27, 1756, Wolfgang had composed his first original work by age five. Leopold planned to take Nannerl and Wolfgang on tour to play before the European courts. Their first venture was to nearby Munich where the children played for Maximillian III Joseph elector of Bavaria. Leopold soon set his sights on the capital of the Hapsburg Empire, Vienna. On their way to Vienna, the family stopped in Linz, where Wolfgang gave his first public concert. By this time, Wolfgang was not only a virtuoso harpsichord player, but he had also mastered the violin. The audience at Linz was stunned by the six-year-old, and word of his genius soon travelled to Vienna. In a much anticipated concert, the Mozart children appeared at the Schonbrunn Palace on’ October 13, 1762. They utterly charmed the emperor and empress.

Following this success, Leopold was inundated with invitations for the children to play for a fee. Leopold seized the opportunity and booked as many concerts as possible at courts throughout Europe. A concert could last three hours, and the children played at least two in a day. Today, Leopold might be considered the worst kind of stage parent, but at the time, it was not uncommon for prodigies to make extensive concert tours. Even so, it was an exhausting schedule for a child who just past the age of needing an afternoon nap.

Each of the following statements about Wolfgang Mozart is directly supported by the passage except

188. Study the passages below to answer the question that follows the passage.

The composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s remarkable musical talent was apparent even before most children can sing a simple nursery rhyme. Wolfgang’s older sister Maria Anna (who the family called Nannerl) was learning the clavier, an early keyboard instrument, when her three-year-old brother took an interest in playing. As Nannerl later recalled, “Wolfgang often spent much time at the clavier picking out thirds, which he was always striking, and his pleasure showed that it sounded good.” Their father Leopold, an assistant concertmaster at the Salzburg Court, recognized his children’s unique gifts and soon devoted himself to their musical education.

Born in Salzburg, Austria, on January 27, 1756, Wolfgang had composed his first original work by age five. Leopold planned to take Nannerl and Wolfgang on tour to play before the European courts. Their first venture was to nearby Munich where the children played for Maximillian III Joseph elector of Bavaria. Leopold soon set his sights on the capital of the Hapsburg Empire, Vienna. On their way to Vienna, the family stopped in Linz, where Wolfgang gave his first public concert. By this time, Wolfgang was not only a virtuoso harpsichord player, but he had also mastered the violin. The audience at Linz was stunned by the six-year-old, and word of his genius soon travelled to Vienna. In a much anticipated concert, the Mozart children appeared at the Schonbrunn Palace on’ October 13, 1762. They utterly charmed the emperor and empress.

Following this success, Leopold was inundated with invitations for the children to play for a fee. Leopold seized the opportunity and booked as many concerts as possible at courts throughout Europe. A concert could last three hours, and the children played at least two in a day. Today, Leopold might be considered the worst kind of stage parent, but at the time, it was not uncommon for prodigies to make extensive concert tours. Even so, it was an exhausting schedule for a child who just past the age of needing an afternoon nap.

According to the passage, during Wolfgang’s early years, child prodigies were

189. Study the passages below to answer the question that follows the passage.

The composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s remarkable musical talent was apparent even before most children can sing a simple nursery rhyme. Wolfgang’s older sister Maria Anna (who the family called Nannerl) was learning the clavier, an early keyboard instrument, when her three-year-old brother took an interest in playing. As Nannerl later recalled, “Wolfgang often spent much time at the clavier picking out thirds, which he was always striking, and his pleasure showed that it sounded good.” Their father Leopold, an assistant concertmaster at the Salzburg Court, recognized his children’s unique gifts and soon devoted himself to their musical education.

Born in Salzburg, Austria, on January 27, 1756, Wolfgang had composed his first original work by age five. Leopold planned to take Nannerl and Wolfgang on tour to play before the European courts. Their first venture was to nearby Munich where the children played for Maximillian III Joseph elector of Bavaria. Leopold soon set his sights on the capital of the Hapsburg Empire, Vienna. On their way to Vienna, the family stopped in Linz, where Wolfgang gave his first public concert. By this time, Wolfgang was not only a virtuoso harpsichord player, but he had also mastered the violin. The audience at Linz was stunned by the six-year-old, and word of his genius soon travelled to Vienna. In a much anticipated concert, the Mozart children appeared at the Schonbrunn Palace on’ October 13, 1762. They utterly charmed the emperor and empress.

Following this success, Leopold was inundated with invitations for the children to play for a fee. Leopold seized the opportunity and booked as many concerts as possible at courts throughout Europe. A concert could last three hours, and the children played at least two in a day. Today, Leopold might be considered the worst kind of stage parent, but at the time, it was not uncommon for prodigies to make extensive concert tours. Even so, it was an exhausting schedule for a child who just past the age of needing an afternoon nap.

Based on information found in the passage, Mozart can best be described as

190. Study the passages below to answer the question that follows the passage.

Book clubs are a great way to meet new friends or keep in touch with old ones, while keeping up on your reading and participating in lively and intellectually stimulating discussions. If you’re interested in starting a book club, you should consider the following options and recommendations.

The first thing you’ll need is members. Before recruiting, think carefully about how many people you want to participate and also what the club’s focus will be. For example, some book clubs focus exclusively on fiction, others read non-fiction. Some are even more specific, focusing only on a particular genre such as mysteries, science fiction, or romance.

Others have a more flexible and open focus. All of these possibilities can make for a great club, but it is important to decide on a focus at the outset so the guidelines will be clear to the group and prospective member. After setting the basic parameters, recruitment can begin. Notify friends and family, advertise in the local newspaper and hang flyers on bulletin boards in local stores, colleges, libraries and bookstores. When enough people express interest, schedule a kick-off meeting during which decisions will be made about specific guidelines that will ensure the club runs smoothly. This meeting will need to establish where the group will meet (rotating homes or a public venue such as a library or coffee shop); how often the group will meet and on what day of the week and at what time how long the meetings will be; how books will be chosen and by whom; who will lead the group (if anyone); and whether refreshments will be served and if so, who will supply them. By the end of this meeting, these guidelines should be set and a book selection and date for the first official meeting should be finalized. Planning and running a book club is not without challenges, but when a book club is run effectively, the experience can be extremely rewarding for everyone involved.

Which of the following organizational patterns is the main one used in the passage?

191. Study the passages below to answer the question that follows the passage.

Book clubs are a great way to meet new friends or keep in touch with old ones, while keeping up on your reading and participating in lively and intellectually stimulating discussions. If you’re interested in starting a book club, you should consider the following options and recommendations.

The first thing you’ll need is members. Before recruiting, think carefully about how many people you want to participate and also what the club’s focus will be. For example, some book clubs focus exclusively on fiction, others read non-fiction. Some are even more specific, focusing only on a particular genre such as mysteries, science fiction, or romance.

Others have a more flexible and open focus. All of these possibilities can make for a great club, but it is important to decide on a focus at the outset so the guidelines will be clear to the group and prospective member. After setting the basic parameters, recruitment can begin. Notify friends and family, advertise in the local newspaper and hang flyers on bulletin boards in local stores, colleges, libraries and bookstores. When enough people express interest, schedule a kick-off meeting during which decisions will be made about specific guidelines that will ensure the club runs smoothly. This meeting will need to establish where the group will meet (rotating homes or a public venue such as a library or coffee shop); how often the group will meet and on what day of the week and at what time how long the meetings will be; how books will be chosen and by whom; who will lead the group (if anyone); and whether refreshments will be served and if so, who will supply them. By the end of this meeting, these guidelines should be set and a book selection and date for the first official meeting should be finalized. Planning and running a book club is not without challenges, but when a book club is run effectively, the experience can be extremely rewarding for everyone involved.

According to the passage, when starting a book club, the first thing a person should do is to

192. Study the passages below to answer the question that follows the passage.

Book clubs are a great way to meet new friends or keep in touch with old ones, while keeping up on your reading and participating in lively and intellectually stimulating discussions. If you’re interested in starting a book club, you should consider the following options and recommendations.

The first thing you’ll need is members. Before recruiting, think carefully about how many people you want to participate and also what the club’s focus will be. For example, some book clubs focus exclusively on fiction, others read non-fiction. Some are even more specific, focusing only on a particular genre such as mysteries, science fiction, or romance.

Others have a more flexible and open focus. All of these possibilities can make for a great club, but it is important to decide on a focus at the outset so the guidelines will be clear to the group and prospective member. After setting the basic parameters, recruitment can begin. Notify friends and family, advertise in the local newspaper and hang flyers on bulletin boards in local stores, colleges, libraries and bookstores. When enough people express interest, schedule a kick-off meeting during which decisions will be made about specific guidelines that will ensure the club runs smoothly. This meeting will need to establish where the group will meet (rotating homes or a public venue such as a library or coffee shop); how often the group will meet and on what day of the week and at what time how long the meetings will be; how books will be chosen and by whom; who will lead the group (if anyone); and whether refreshments will be served and if so, who will supply them. By the end of this meeting, these guidelines should be set and a book selection and date for the first official meeting should be finalized. Planning and running a book club is not without challenges, but when a book club is run effectively, the experience can be extremely rewarding for everyone involved.

Which of the following would NOT be covered during the book club’s kick-off meeting?

193. Study the passages below to answer the question that follows the passage.

Book clubs are a great way to meet new friends or keep in touch with old ones, while keeping up on your reading and participating in lively and intellectually stimulating discussions. If you’re interested in starting a book club, you should consider the following options and recommendations.

The first thing you’ll need is members. Before recruiting, think carefully about how many people you want to participate and also what the club’s focus will be. For example, some book clubs focus exclusively on fiction, others read non-fiction. Some are even more specific, focusing only on a particular genre such as mysteries, science fiction, or romance.

Others have a more flexible and open focus. All of these possibilities can make for a great club, but it is important to decide on a focus at the outset so the guidelines will be clear to the group and prospective member. After setting the basic parameters, recruitment can begin. Notify friends and family, advertise in the local newspaper and hang flyers on bulletin boards in local stores, colleges, libraries and bookstores. When enough people express interest, schedule a kick-off meeting during which decisions will be made about specific guidelines that will ensure the club runs smoothly. This meeting will need to establish where the group will meet (rotating homes or a public venue such as a library or coffee shop); how often the group will meet and on what day of the week and at what time how long the meetings will be; how books will be chosen and by whom; who will lead the group (if anyone); and whether refreshments will be served and if so, who will supply them. By the end of this meeting, these guidelines should be set and a book selection and date for the first official meeting should be finalized. Planning and running a book club is not without challenges, but when a book club is run effectively, the experience can be extremely rewarding for everyone involved.

A good title for this passage would be

194. Study the passages below to answer the question that follows the passage.

Book clubs are a great way to meet new friends or keep in touch with old ones, while keeping up on your reading and participating in lively and intellectually stimulating discussions. If you’re interested in starting a book club, you should consider the following options and recommendations.

The first thing you’ll need is members. Before recruiting, think carefully about how many people you want to participate and also what the club’s focus will be. For example, some book clubs focus exclusively on fiction, others read non-fiction. Some are even more specific, focusing only on a particular genre such as mysteries, science fiction, or romance.

Others have a more flexible and open focus. All of these possibilities can make for a great club, but it is important to decide on a focus at the outset so the guidelines will be clear to the group and prospective member. After setting the basic parameters, recruitment can begin. Notify friends and family, advertise in the local newspaper and hang flyers on bulletin boards in local stores, colleges, libraries and bookstores. When enough people express interest, schedule a kick-off meeting during which decisions will be made about specific guidelines that will ensure the club runs smoothly. This meeting will need to establish where the group will meet (rotating homes or a public venue such as a library or coffee shop); how often the group will meet and on what day of the week and at what time how long the meetings will be; how books will be chosen and by whom; who will lead the group (if anyone); and whether refreshments will be served and if so, who will supply them. By the end of this meeting, these guidelines should be set and a book selection and date for the first official meeting should be finalized. Planning and running a book club is not without challenges, but when a book club is run effectively, the experience can be extremely rewarding for everyone involved.

Which of the following is NOT something that successful book clubs should do?

195. Study the passages below to answer the question that follows the passage.

Book clubs are a great way to meet new friends or keep in touch with old ones, while keeping up on your reading and participating in lively and intellectually stimulating discussions. If you’re interested in starting a book club, you should consider the following options and recommendations.

The first thing you’ll need is members. Before recruiting, think carefully about how many people you want to participate and also what the club’s focus will be. For example, some book clubs focus exclusively on fiction, others read non-fiction. Some are even more specific, focusing only on a particular genre such as mysteries, science fiction, or romance.

Others have a more flexible and open focus. All of these possibilities can make for a great club, but it is important to decide on a focus at the outset so the guidelines will be clear to the group and prospective member. After setting the basic parameters, recruitment can begin. Notify friends and family, advertise in the local newspaper and hang flyers on bulletin boards in local stores, colleges, libraries and bookstores. When enough people express interest, schedule a kick-off meeting during which decisions will be made about specific guidelines that will ensure the club runs smoothly. This meeting will need to establish where the group will meet (rotating homes or a public venue such as a library or coffee shop); how often the group will meet and on what day of the week and at what time how long the meetings will be; how books will be chosen and by whom; who will lead the group (if anyone); and whether refreshments will be served and if so, who will supply them. By the end of this meeting, these guidelines should be set and a book selection and date for the first official meeting should be finalized. Planning and running a book club is not without challenges, but when a book club is run effectively, the experience can be extremely rewarding for everyone involved.

Which of the following inferences can be drawn from the passage?

196. Study the passages below to answer the question that follows the passage.

Today the import duty on a complete machine is 35 Percent for all practical purposes, whereas the import duty on the raw materials and components range from 40 Percent -85 Percent . The story does not end here. After paying such high duties on components, once a machine is made, it is subject to excise duty from 5 Percent to 10 Percent . At the time of sale, the machine tools are subject to further taxation, further taxation, i.e., Central sales tax or State sales taxes which range from 4 Percent to 16 Percent . This much for the tax angle. Another factor which pushes the cost of manufacture of machine tools is the very high rate of interest payable to banks ranging up to 16 Percent , as against 4 Percent -7 Percent prevailing in advanced countries.

The machine tool industry in India has an enviable record of very quick technology absorption, assimilation and development. There are a number of successes stories about how machine tool builders were of help at the most critical times. It will be a pity, in fact a tragedy, if we allow this industry to die and disappear from the scene.

It is to be noted that India is at least 6000 km away from any dependable source of supply of machine tools. The Government of India has always given a great deal of importance to the development of small scale and medium scale industries. This industry has also performed pretty well. Today, they are in need of help from India’s machine tool industry to enable them to produce quality components at reduced costs.

Is it anybody’s case that the needs of this fragile sector will be met from 6000 km away? Then, what is it that the industry requests from the Government? It wants level playing field. In fact, all of us must have a deep introspection and recognize the fact that the machine tool industry has a very special place in the country from the point of strategic and vital interests of the nation.

Consider the following statements:
I. The machine tool industry has a very meagre role to play in India.
II. The performance of the small scale industry can be further improved with the help from the Indian machine tool industry.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

197. Study the passages below to answer the question that follows the passage.

Today the import duty on a complete machine is 35 Percent for all practical purposes, whereas the import duty on the raw materials and components range from 40 Percent -85 Percent . The story does not end here. After paying such high duties on components, once a machine is made, it is subject to excise duty from 5 Percent to 10 Percent . At the time of sale, the machine tools are subject to further taxation, further taxation, i.e., Central sales tax or State sales taxes which range from 4 Percent to 16 Percent . This much for the tax angle. Another factor which pushes the cost of manufacture of machine tools is the very high rate of interest payable to banks ranging up to 16 Percent , as against 4 Percent -7 Percent prevailing in advanced countries.

The machine tool industry in India has an enviable record of very quick technology absorption, assimilation and development. There are a number of successes stories about how machine tool builders were of help at the most critical times. It will be a pity, in fact a tragedy, if we allow this industry to die and disappear from the scene.

It is to be noted that India is at least 6000 km away from any dependable source of supply of machine tools. The Government of India has always given a great deal of importance to the development of small scale and medium scale industries. This industry has also performed pretty well. Today, they are in need of help from India’s machine tool industry to enable them to produce quality components at reduced costs.

Is it anybody’s case that the needs of this fragile sector will be met from 6000 km away? Then, what is it that the industry requests from the Government? It wants level playing field. In fact, all of us must have a deep introspection and recognize the fact that the machine tool industry has a very special place in the country from the point of strategic and vital interests of the nation.

Which of the following best explains the sentence “It wants a level playing field? The machine tool industry in India

198. Study the passages below to answer the question that follows the passage.

Today the import duty on a complete machine is 35 Percent for all practical purposes, whereas the import duty on the raw materials and components range from 40 Percent -85 Percent . The story does not end here. After paying such high duties on components, once a machine is made, it is subject to excise duty from 5 Percent to 10 Percent . At the time of sale, the machine tools are subject to further taxation, further taxation, i.e., Central sales tax or State sales taxes which range from 4 Percent to 16 Percent . This much for the tax angle. Another factor which pushes the cost of manufacture of machine tools is the very high rate of interest payable to banks ranging up to 16 Percent , as against 4 Percent -7 Percent prevailing in advanced countries.

The machine tool industry in India has an enviable record of very quick technology absorption, assimilation and development. There are a number of successes stories about how machine tool builders were of help at the most critical times. It will be a pity, in fact a tragedy, if we allow this industry to die and disappear from the scene.

It is to be noted that India is at least 6000 km away from any dependable source of supply of machine tools. The Government of India has always given a great deal of importance to the development of small scale and medium scale industries. This industry has also performed pretty well. Today, they are in need of help from India’s machine tool industry to enable them to produce quality components at reduced costs.

Is it anybody’s case that the needs of this fragile sector will be met from 6000 km away? Then, what is it that the industry requests from the Government? It wants level playing field. In fact, all of us must have a deep introspection and recognize the fact that the machine tool industry has a very special place in the country from the point of strategic and vital interests of the nation.

Which one of the following is the correct statement?

199. Study the passages below to answer the question that follows the passage.

Today the import duty on a complete machine is 35 Percent for all practical purposes, whereas the import duty on the raw materials and components range from 40 Percent -85 Percent . The story does not end here. After paying such high duties on components, once a machine is made, it is subject to excise duty from 5 Percent to 10 Percent . At the time of sale, the machine tools are subject to further taxation, further taxation, i.e., Central sales tax or State sales taxes which range from 4 Percent to 16 Percent . This much for the tax angle. Another factor which pushes the cost of manufacture of machine tools is the very high rate of interest payable to banks ranging up to 16 Percent , as against 4 Percent -7 Percent prevailing in advanced countries.

The machine tool industry in India has an enviable record of very quick technology absorption, assimilation and development. There are a number of successes stories about how machine tool builders were of help at the most critical times. It will be a pity, in fact a tragedy, if we allow this industry to die and disappear from the scene.

It is to be noted that India is at least 6000 km away from any dependable source of supply of machine tools. The Government of India has always given a great deal of importance to the development of small scale and medium scale industries. This industry has also performed pretty well. Today, they are in need of help from India’s machine tool industry to enable them to produce quality components at reduced costs.

Is it anybody’s case that the needs of this fragile sector will be met from 6000 km away? Then, what is it that the industry requests from the Government? It wants level playing field. In fact, all of us must have a deep introspection and recognize the fact that the machine tool industry has a very special place in the country from the point of strategic and vital interests of the nation.

According to the passage, all the following factors are responsible for high cost of machine tools in India, except

200. Study the passages below to answer the question that follows the passage.

Today the import duty on a complete machine is 35 Percent for all practical purposes, whereas the import duty on the raw materials and components range from 40 Percent -85 Percent . The story does not end here. After paying such high duties on components, once a machine is made, it is subject to excise duty from 5 Percent to 10 Percent . At the time of sale, the machine tools are subject to further taxation, further taxation, i.e., Central sales tax or State sales taxes which range from 4 Percent to 16 Percent . This much for the tax angle. Another factor which pushes the cost of manufacture of machine tools is the very high rate of interest payable to banks ranging up to 16 Percent , as against 4 Percent -7 Percent prevailing in advanced countries.

The machine tool industry in India has an enviable record of very quick technology absorption, assimilation and development. There are a number of successes stories about how machine tool builders were of help at the most critical times. It will be a pity, in fact a tragedy, if we allow this industry to die and disappear from the scene.

It is to be noted that India is at least 6000 km away from any dependable source of supply of machine tools. The Government of India has always given a great deal of importance to the development of small scale and medium scale industries. This industry has also performed pretty well. Today, they are in need of help from India’s machine tool industry to enable them to produce quality components at reduced costs.

Is it anybody’s case that the needs of this fragile sector will be met from 6000 km away? Then, what is it that the industry requests from the Government? It wants level playing field. In fact, all of us must have a deep introspection and recognize the fact that the machine tool industry has a very special place in the country from the point of strategic and vital interests of the nation.

Why do small and medium scale industries look for help from India’s machine tool industry?
I. To compete with the IT sector
II. To produce components at lower cost without sacrificing quality.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

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