# NCHM JEE 2015 Previous Question Paper Mock Test Series

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Note : These are the question headers from the NCHM JEE 2015 Previous Year Question Paper for reference purposes only. The full question paper, along with answer keys and explanatory videos for important questions are included in the MagicExam NCHM JEE 2020 Mock Test Online Series.

1. What is the radius of a cylinder’s base if it is formed by melting a sphere of radius 7 cm when the height of the cylinder is 28/3 cm?

2. Fifty silver coins of diameter 4 cm and thickness 1 mm are melted to draw a wire of 2 mm diameter. What will be the length of the wire?

3. The sides of a triangle are 9 cm, 10 cm, 11 cm. If the smallest side of a similar triangle is 18 cm, what is the perimeter of this triangle?

4. Bucket A is twice as big as bucket B. Tank T can be filled by bucket A in 50 turns. If the empty tank T can be filled in 20 turns by bucket A, how many turns A and B together require filling rest of the tank?

5. A, B, C respectively can complete a work in 12, 15, 20 days. A does the work for 2 days, then B does it for 3 days and then C does for 4 days. If D completes the rest of the work in 13 days, in how many days can D do the complete work alone?

6. 3 years ago, Puja was one-fourth as old as Sunita was. 3 years hence their ages will be in the ratio of 7 : 22, Find the present age of Sunita?

7. Kamal is 5 years older than Raj who is thrice as old as Arun. If sum or their ages is 40, how old is Raj?

8. A sum of Rs. 125 doubles in 5 years, the interest being compounded annually. In how many more years will it get additional interest of Rs. 250?

9. Train A of length 120 meter is running at a speed of 60 km/h. Train B of length 150 meter, running in the same direction, crosses train A in 64.8 sec. What is the speed of train B?

10. A boat covers certain distance upstream in 5 hours and same distance downstream in 2 hours. What is the ratio of speeds of boat to the speed of the stream?

11. P and Q together have Rs. 1519. If 4/9 of P’s share is equal to 13/25 share of Q, how much amount does P has?

12. Ram purchased a house for Rs. 35 Lakhs and spent 20 percent of its cost on its repairs. What sale price should he fix in order to have a gain of 20 percent ?

13. A shopkeeper mixes 15 kg of rice purchased @ Rs. 30/kg with 25 kg of rice purchased @ Rs. 40/kg. What should be his selling price per kg in order to make a profit of 20 percent ?

14. HCF of two numbers is 13. If the other factors of their LCM are 7 and 3, what is the smaller number of the two?

15. Find the least number which should be added to 3587 to make it divisible by 30, 42 and 105?

16. A train goes 400 km at an average speed of 50 km/h and returns at an average speed of 40 km/h. Find the average speed of the train for the whole journey?

17. A and B started a business by investing Rs. 25 Lakhs and Rs. 30 Lakhs respectively. After 2 months A withdrew Rs. 5 Lakhs while C joined the business by investing Rs. 10 lac. B withdrew after another 3 months. If Rs. 9 Lakhs was the profit at the end of 1 year, what is the profit of B?

18. Solve for ‘a’ in this equation : 2.7 percent of 300 + .03 percent of 400 – a = 12.2 percent of 10

19. In how many ways can we select a group of 5 persons having at least two women from a group of 6 men and 6 women?

20. In a hall, there are 10 persons each of blood group A, B, AB and O. If one person is called, what is the probability of having them from blood group A or B?

21. If a2 + b2 = 73 and a – b = 5, find the value of a, where a > 0.

22. Simplify the equation

23. The rate of taxation has the following slabs in India.
Taxable Income – Tax Rate
0-50,000 – Exempt
50,000-60,000 – 10 percent
60,000-1,50,000 – 20 percent
1,50,000 and higher – 30 percent

For salaried employees having salaries below Rs. 1,50,000 p.a., a standard deduction of Rs. 30,000 is available, which is reduced from the total income. Besides, a rebate is available on investments in various saving schemes like Provident Fund, Infrastructure Bonds, Post Office Savings, etc. The rebate is calculated at 20 percent of the total investment in these savings instruments. Thus, if a person has invested Rs. 10,000 in some saving instruments, he gets (2,000 rebate on his net tax liability.

However, if the salary increases above Rs. 1,50,000 p.a., the standard deduction is reduced to Rs. 25,000 and the rebate on investments is calculated at the rate of 15 percent of the total investment. Thus, a person saving Rs. 20,000 will get a rebate of Rs. 3,000 on his liability. Besides, a tax surcharge of 10 percent is added on the total tax liability for all tax payers. Also, working women have a further rebate of Rs. 5,000 available to them on their total tax liability.

What will be the total tax liability of Mr. Rajiv Srivastava, who has a salary of Rs. 1,50,000 p.a. (Assume he saved (Rs. 40,000 in the year)?

24. The rate of taxation has the following slabs in India.
Taxable Income – Tax Rate
0-50,000 – Exempt
50,000-60,000 – 10 percent
60,000-1,50,000 – 20 percent
1,50,000 and higher – 30 percent

For salaried employees having salaries below Rs. 1,50,000 p.a., a standard deduction of Rs. 30,000 is available, which is reduced from the total income. Besides, a rebate is available on investments in various saving schemes like Provident Fund, Infrastructure Bonds, Post Office Savings, etc. The rebate is calculated at 20 percent of the total investment in these savings instruments. Thus, if a person has invested Rs. 10,000 in some saving instruments, he gets (2,000 rebate on his net tax liability.

However, if the salary increases above Rs. 1,50,000 p.a., the standard deduction is reduced to Rs. 25,000 and the rebate on investments is calculated at the rate of 15 percent of the total investment. Thus, a person saving Rs. 20,000 will get a rebate of Rs. 3,000 on his liability. Besides, a tax surcharge of 10 percent is added on the total tax liability for all tax payers. Also, working women have a further rebate of Rs. 5,000 available to them on their total tax liability.

Mrs. Shruti Srivastava who works in the same firm, earns a salary of Rs. 1,50,000 p.a. How much must she save to pay no tax for the year?

25. The rate of taxation has the following slabs in India.
Taxable Income – Tax Rate
0-50,000 – Exempt
50,000-60,000 – 10 percent
60,000-1,50,000 – 20 percent
1,50,000 and higher – 30 percent

For salaried employees having salaries below Rs. 1,50,000 p.a., a standard deduction of Rs. 30,000 is available, which is reduced from the total income. Besides, a rebate is available on investments in various saving schemes like Provident Fund, Infrastructure Bonds, Post Office Savings, etc. The rebate is calculated at 20 percent of the total investment in these savings instruments. Thus, if a person has invested Rs. 10,000 in some saving instruments, he gets (2,000 rebate on his net tax liability.

However, if the salary increases above Rs. 1,50,000 p.a., the standard deduction is reduced to Rs. 25,000 and the rebate on investments is calculated at the rate of 15 percent of the total investment. Thus, a person saving Rs. 20,000 will get a rebate of Rs. 3,000 on his liability. Besides, a tax surcharge of 10 percent is added on the total tax liability for all tax payers. Also, working women have a further rebate of Rs. 5,000 available to them on their total tax liability.

Prakash Purti has a salary income of Rs. 1,44,000. Besides he has earned Rs. 35,000 as consultancy income. He has saved Rs. 70,000 for the year in tax savings instruments. How much tax will he have to pay?

26. Read the information given below and answer the question that follows.
(i) There is a group of seven persons A, B, C, D, E, F and G.
(ii) There are four males, three females, two married couples and three unmarried persons in the group.
(iii) The seven persons are seated in a row on the bench.
(iv) Their professions are engineer, teacher, doctor, psychologist, businessman, architect and student.
(v) B is not married and another person, the psychologist, is the most intelligent.
(vi) The engineer is married to the teacher, who is the least intelligent of the group.
(vii) D is an architect. He is sitting on the leftmost corner.
(viii) The student is sitting on the rightmost corner of the bench.
(ix) The doctor is married to C. C is the second most intelligent of the group followed by her husband.
(x) The least intelligent of the group is sitting on the immediate right of D, followed by the most intelligent.
(xi) There are as many more intelligent persons than the engineer as there are less intelligent.
(xii) On the bench followed by D, there are three females sitting in succession.
(xiii) The psychologist is a female.
(xiv) The student is more intelligent than the architect, who is more intelligent than only one person, F.
(xv) Neither A nor G is a female.

Who is sitting on the immediate right of D?

27. Read the information given below and answer the question that follows.
(i) There is a group of seven persons A, B, C, D, E, F and G.
(ii) There are four males, three females, two married couples and three unmarried persons in the group.
(iii) The seven persons are seated in a row on the bench.
(iv) Their professions are engineer, teacher, doctor, psychologist, businessman, architect and student.
(v) B is not married and another person, the psychologist, is the most intelligent.
(vi) The engineer is married to the teacher, who is the least intelligent of the group.
(vii) D is an architect. He is sitting on the leftmost corner.
(viii) The student is sitting on the rightmost corner of the bench.
(ix) The doctor is married to C. C is the second most intelligent of the group followed by her husband.
(x) The least intelligent of the group is sitting on the immediate right of D, followed by the most intelligent.
(xi) There are as many more intelligent persons than the engineer as there are less intelligent.
(xii) On the bench followed by D, there are three females sitting in succession.
(xiii) The psychologist is a female.
(xiv) The student is more intelligent than the architect, who is more intelligent than only one person, F.
(xv) Neither A nor G is a female.

Which two are sitting together?

28. Read the information given below and answer the question that follows.
(i) There is a group of seven persons A, B, C, D, E, F and G.
(ii) There are four males, three females, two married couples and three unmarried persons in the group.
(iii) The seven persons are seated in a row on the bench.
(iv) Their professions are engineer, teacher, doctor, psychologist, businessman, architect and student.
(v) B is not married and another person, the psychologist, is the most intelligent.
(vi) The engineer is married to the teacher, who is the least intelligent of the group.
(vii) D is an architect. He is sitting on the leftmost corner.
(viii) The student is sitting on the rightmost corner of the bench.
(ix) The doctor is married to C. C is the second most intelligent of the group followed by her husband.
(x) The least intelligent of the group is sitting on the immediate right of D, followed by the most intelligent.
(xi) There are as many more intelligent persons than the engineer as there are less intelligent.
(xii) On the bench followed by D, there are three females sitting in succession.
(xiii) The psychologist is a female.
(xiv) The student is more intelligent than the architect, who is more intelligent than only one person, F.
(xv) Neither A nor G is a female.

The engineer is not more intelligent than

29. Read the information given below and answer the question that follows.
(i) There is a group of seven persons A, B, C, D, E, F and G.
(ii) There are four males, three females, two married couples and three unmarried persons in the group.
(iii) The seven persons are seated in a row on the bench.
(iv) Their professions are engineer, teacher, doctor, psychologist, businessman, architect and student.
(v) B is not married and another person, the psychologist, is the most intelligent.
(vi) The engineer is married to the teacher, who is the least intelligent of the group.
(vii) D is an architect. He is sitting on the leftmost corner.
(viii) The student is sitting on the rightmost corner of the bench.
(ix) The doctor is married to C. C is the second most intelligent of the group followed by her husband.
(x) The least intelligent of the group is sitting on the immediate right of D, followed by the most intelligent.
(xi) There are as many more intelligent persons than the engineer as there are less intelligent.
(xii) On the bench followed by D, there are three females sitting in succession.
(xiii) The psychologist is a female.
(xiv) The student is more intelligent than the architect, who is more intelligent than only one person, F.
(xv) Neither A nor G is a female.

Which of these cannot be a married couple?

30. Read the information given below and answer the question that follows.
(i) There is a group of seven persons A, B, C, D, E, F and G.
(ii) There are four males, three females, two married couples and three unmarried persons in the group.
(iii) The seven persons are seated in a row on the bench.
(iv) Their professions are engineer, teacher, doctor, psychologist, businessman, architect and student.
(v) B is not married and another person, the psychologist, is the most intelligent.
(vi) The engineer is married to the teacher, who is the least intelligent of the group.
(vii) D is an architect. He is sitting on the leftmost corner.
(viii) The student is sitting on the rightmost corner of the bench.
(ix) The doctor is married to C. C is the second most intelligent of the group followed by her husband.
(x) The least intelligent of the group is sitting on the immediate right of D, followed by the most intelligent.
(xi) There are as many more intelligent persons than the engineer as there are less intelligent.
(xii) On the bench followed by D, there are three females sitting in succession.
(xiii) The psychologist is a female.
(xiv) The student is more intelligent than the architect, who is more intelligent than only one person, F.
(xv) Neither A nor G is a female.

Which of these represents the correct order of intelligence (in the decreasing sequence)?

31. Study the following information to answer the given question.
(i) Eight friends A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are seated in a circle facing the centre.
(ii) D is between B and G and F is between A and H.
(iii) E is second to the right of A.

Which of the following is A’s position?

32. Study the following information to answer the given question.
(i) Eight friends A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are seated in a circle facing the centre.
(ii) D is between B and G and F is between A and H.
(iii) E is second to the right of A.

Which of the following information are not required to ascertain the position of C?

33. Study the following information to answer the given question.
(i) Eight friends A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are seated in a circle facing the centre.
(ii) D is between B and G and F is between A and H.
(iii) E is second to the right of A.

Which of the following is C’s position?

34. Find the missing term in the following series.
2, 4, 8, 16, 32, ____, 128

35. Find the missing term in the following series.
1/24, 1/12, 1/4, 1, 5, ___

36. Find the missing term in the following series.
4, 7, 5, 9, ___, 11, 7, 13

37. Find the missing character ‘?’ from among the given alternatives.

 K B G ?

38. Find the missing character ‘?’ from among the given alternatives.

 B 15 ? 3 N 21

39. Sonam is walking facing West, then turns 90 Degrees in clockwise direction, and then turns 90 Degrees in clockwise direction again. In which direction is she finally moving?

40. What are the directions of the route from A to D?

41. Kamal drives his bike and goes to college He comes back following the same route. He again drives from his house towards North and reaches the market. What is the direction of his house with respect to market?

42. Showing a photograph to a friend, Ravi says, “She is the granddaughter of the elder brother of my father”. How is this girl related to Ravi?

43. A family consists of a husband and wife, their three sons and two daughters, three wives of three sons. How many females are in this family?

44. L is the father of N and P. P is the son of L but N is not the son of L. How is N related to L?

45. Choose from the given four diagrams (1) to (4) the one that best illustrates a relationship among the three given classes in the question below.

Eatables, Chicken, fish

46. Choose from the given four diagrams (1) to (4) the one that best illustrates a relationship among the three given classes in the question below.

Students, Teachers, Wives

47. Choose from the given four diagrams (1) to (4) the one that best illustrates a relationship among the three given classes in the question below.

Sweet, Rasgulla, Shirt

48. There are two pairs, the first pair follows some relationship. Use the same relationship to find the second analogy of the second pair.

FG : BC :: RI : ?

49. There are two pairs, the first pair follows some relationship. Use the same relationship to find the second analogy of the second pair.

EDC : RQP :: MLK : ?

50. There are two pairs, the first pair follows some relationship. Use the same relationship to find the second analogy of the second pair.

L : 0 :: D : ?

51. There are two pairs, the first pair follows some relationship. Use the same relationship to find the second analogy of the second pair.

TZW : 28 :: QYS : ?

52. Complete the given series of figures by replacing “?” from the answer figures.

53. Complete the given series of figures by replacing “?” from the answer figures.

54. Complete the given series of figures by replacing “?” from the answer figures.

55. In a certain code, ‘this is the tree’ is written as 2153, ‘the green tree’ is written as 573 and ‘tree of life’ is written as 309. Which symbol stands for ‘the’?

56. If in a certain language, POPULAR is coded as QPQVMBS, then which word would be coded as GBNPVT?

57. If white is called blue, blue is called red, red is called yellow, yellow is called green, green is called black, black is called violet and violet is called orange, then what would the colour of human blood be?

A. if the inference is ‘definitely true’
B. if the inference is ‘probably true’
C. if the ‘data provided is inadequate’
D. if the inference is ‘definitely false’

In the commodities business size does matter. This is common wisdom. The Indian sugar industry, is the second largest in the world after Brazil, has traditionally been fragmented, which led to widespread sickness and large number of mills going bankrupt, a situation exacerbated by a slew of government controls, which are, meaningfully getting diluted since August 1998. It’s now been more than fourteen-and-a-half years since the industry was delicensed. No official permission is required either to build a new factory or for brownfield expansion plan, except that there must not be any violation of command area norms. Even then, there aren’t many who have the capacity to play the volumes game at the cyclic sugar business.

Question : India has not yet been able to consolidate its firm stand in the international sugar market.

A. if the inference is ‘definitely true’
B. if the inference is ‘probably true’
C. if the ‘data provided is inadequate’
D. if the inference is ‘definitely false’

In the commodities business size does matter. This is common wisdom. The Indian sugar industry, is the second largest in the world after Brazil, has traditionally been fragmented, which led to widespread sickness and large number of mills going bankrupt, a situation exacerbated by a slew of government controls, which are, meaningfully getting diluted since August 1998. It’s now been more than fourteen-and-a-half years since the industry was delicensed. No official permission is required either to build a new factory or for brownfield expansion plan, except that there must not be any violation of command area norms. Even then, there aren’t many who have the capacity to play the volumes game at the cyclic sugar business.

Question : At present, the Indian sugar industry has been made considerably free from Government controls.

A. if the inference is ‘definitely true’
B. if the inference is ‘probably true’
C. if the ‘data provided is inadequate’
D. if the inference is ‘definitely false’

In the commodities business size does matter. This is common wisdom. The Indian sugar industry, is the second largest in the world after Brazil, has traditionally been fragmented, which led to widespread sickness and large number of mills going bankrupt, a situation exacerbated by a slew of government controls, which are, meaningfully getting diluted since August 1998. It’s now been more than fourteen-and-a-half years since the industry was delicensed. No official permission is required either to build a new factory or for brownfield expansion plan, except that there must not be any violation of command area norms. Even then, there aren’t many who have the capacity to play the volumes game at the cyclic sugar business.

Question : Prior to 1998, Indian sugar industry was considerably lower in the world ranking of large nations.

61. Who is the Chairman of Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) in India? (This is an old current affairs based question. You should be aware of the current correct answer for the same.)

62. Which Indian company announced the creation of \$250 million ‘Innovate in India Fund’ to give a boost to start-ups?

63. In Cricket World Cup tournament, India played against Pakistan on 15 Feb 2015 in which Australian city?

64. Which among the following is a Public Sector Bank?

65. World Cancer Day is held on ______ every year to raise awareness of cancer.

66. 35th National Games were held from 31 January 2015 to 14 February 2015 in

67. Which country is going host International Cricket Council (ICC) World Twenty 20 in 2016?

68. In Feb 2015, Indian American Composer Ricky Kej won the Grammy Award in which category?

69. Mr. Naresh Goyal is the Founder Chairman of which airline in India?

70. Whom did Serena Williams defeat in the final to win the Australian Open 2015 Women’s Singles title?

71. Which day of the year is celebrated as World Radio day?

72. Which technology giant became the first company to reach a market value of \$700 billion?

73. Recently, Indian government released set of _______ Commemorative Postage Stamps on Swachh Bharat Mission (Clean India Mission).

74. Vitamin B12 helps in fighting against

75. Which online retailer has acquired luxury fashion portal Exclusively.com?

76. Which movie won the Oscar in the best picture category in the 87th Academy Awards?

77. Indian Government has announced setting up of a new IIT in _______

78. IRCTC has partnered with which e-commerce portal for online shopping?

79. World’s first humanoid robot staffed hotel is set to open in which country in July 2015?

80. Advance ticket booking facility for railway passengers is available ______ days before the start of the journey.

81. Insurance Laws (Amendment) Bill 2015 hiked Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) cap in the insurance sector to 49 percent from present ______ percent.

82. Which state government has launched Bhagyashree scheme for girl child?

83. _______ has won silver prize in the prestigious Golden Gate Award at the Internationale Tourismus-Borse Berlin (ITB-Berlin) – 2015.

84. Acid used in Car battery is

85. Which is the most abundant mineral in human body?

86. McMohan line is the border between

87. Who among the following is known as the Metro man of India?

88. Carolina Marin Martin of ________ has won the prestigious Women’s Singles Title in the All England Open Badminton Championships 2015.

89. National Youth Day is celebrated in India on the birthday of

90. The Maze Tower in which city has been recognised by Guinness World Records as representing the largest vertical maze?

91. While walking on the road, you find a man accidently dropping his wallet and walking away unaware, you will.

92. You have to go shopping while your friend calls you for help as he is ill. You will

93. You finished your chocolate and now you can’t find any dustbin around to dispose of the wrapper. You

94. A stranger comes to you asking about an address while you are waiting for someone. You will

95. One of your friends arrives to your house unannounced while you are preparing to go out with your family. You

96. A guy slipped and fell in front of you while walking through the college corridor and your friends started laughing. You will

97. One of your relatives invites you to visit them. Reaching there you find that he is not well and is unable to give a proper welcome. You would

98. You are getting late for a meeting and while driving, you witness an accident. You would

99. You are travelling in a train and one of your co-passengers is left on a platform while the train starts moving. You would

100. While travelling in an airline, you ordered something and there is some delay in your request for which air hostess apologizes to you. You

101. You are talking on your phone while travelling in a public transport while your co-passengers are getting disturbed. You

102. While doing a transaction with a shopkeeper, he accidently returned you more amount than he was supposed to. You realize this when you get back home. You

103. A foreign tourist approaches you for some help but you don’t share any common language. You

104. One of your friends is in distress and needs some financial help but is too shy to ask: You.

105. There are some bad characters influencing the living conditions of people in your community. You

106. There has been a death in a family in your community. At the same time some other family is planning a celebration. You, being the representative of your community

107. There is a function in your close relation and they need your assistance. You

108. You have been sent on a visit to a rural area on a project to educate the local children. You

109. There is a function in your school/college and the management requests your participation but you are also busy with some other project. You

110. You see water running from a tap at any public place while no one is using it. You

113. There is plenty of rain clogging in your society creating problems in communication. You would

114. During summers, on a very sunny day, you come across a poor person who is very thirsty and dehydrated. You

115. While watching a movie in a theatre, a small child starts crying.

116. While buying ticket in a bus, the conductor asks for change since you gave a large amount of note, you

117. While standing in a queue at railway station, you see an illiterate person at the counter filling the form for a ticket. You

118. In a park, you see two boys fighting and beating each other. You

119. While eating at a restaurant, you are left with food. You

120. In the hostel after taking a bath, you remember that you left the geyser ON. You

121. You are listening to loud music on your birthday night; your neighbour who has her exam tomorrow, comes to you to request you to slow down the volume. You

122. If you happen to be in a bus which meets with an accident you would

123. While you are away on a holiday, you have a theft in your house and you lose some jewellery and cash, you would

124. Being a member of team while reaching a decision, you would

125. To work efficiently and effectually in a service industry, which of the following you think is the most essential ability/quality?

126. One of your team members generally behaves in a selfish and clever manner quite often, you will

127. A lot of the products of your company are defective but you come to know about it only after the products have been sold and customers start complaining of it. You would

128. If you want to computerize your office to make it more and more efficient and modern, you would

129. What is the best quality in a person?

130. Whenever you do some work you commit a lot of errors and mistakes which are always noticed by someone. You then

131. What will be your response to an angry customer who wants to see the senior manager with a complaint?

132. If you are transferred to a place you do not like, you would

133. The responsibility of hospitality of the guest or looking after their smooth and enjoyable stay in a hotel lies on the shoulders of

134. If on a tough day, you are the only person available to handle the customer, you should

135. You see some smoke coming out of the building of your office and come to know that there is fire somewhere. First of all you would

136. Public dealings require

138. You are perplexed and find yourself in a fix when you are asked to

139. What would you do if you get late in the morning due to bus timings?

140. If you are wrongly accused of something, you would

141. Choose the word which best expresses the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The operator was commended for his dexterity.

142. Choose the word which best expresses the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

Many species of animals have become extinct during the last hundred years.

143. Choose the word which best expresses the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

The community is agog with speculation about the fate of the money collected.

144. Choose the word which best expresses the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

Few teachers have been spared the problem of an obstreperous pupil in the class.

145. Choose the word which is opposite in meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

He urges to learn everything.

146. Choose the word which is opposite in meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

A serene mind can never be the pioneer of a great revolution.

147. Choose the word which is opposite in meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

Matter expands on heating.

148. Choose the word which is opposite in meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.

He climbed up a stationary wagon.

149. Choose the option that is the plural form of the given word.

Sheep

150. Choose the option that is the plural form of the given word.

Alumnus

151. Choose the option that is the plural form of the given word.

Toe

152. Choose the option that is the plural form of the given word.

Brake

153. Choose the option that is the plural form of the given word.

Thief

154. Choose the option which can be substituted for the given phrase / sentence.

One who despises persons of lower social position

155. Choose the option which can be substituted for the given phrase / sentence.

One who is determined to exact full vengeance for wrongs done to him

156. Choose the option which can be substituted for the given phrase / sentence.

An associate in an office or institution

157. Choose the option which can be substituted for the given phrase / sentence.

The art of cutting trees and bushes into ornamental shapes

158. Choose the option which can be substituted for the given phrase / sentence.

A formal written charge against a person for some crime or offence

159. Choose the option which can be substituted for the given phrase / sentence.

To act in a fussy, uncertain way and not achieving much

160. Choose the option which best expresses the meaning of the underlined idiom/phrase in the sentence.

You must not mince matters; tell the truth.

161. Choose the option which best expresses the meaning of the underlined idiom/phrase in the sentence.

I am afraid, the two brothers are at cross purposes.

162. Choose the option which best expresses the meaning of the underlined idiom/phrase in the sentence.

Some people have the habit of wearing their heart on their sleeve.

163. Choose the option which best expresses the meaning of the underlined idiom/phrase in the sentence.

The sight of the accident made my flesh creep.

164. Choose the option which best expresses the meaning of the underlined idiom/phrase in the sentence.

She was received by her friends with open arms.

165. Choose the option which best expresses the meaning of the underlined idiom/phrase in the sentence.

There was a job for me to cut mv teeth on.

166. A word has been written in four different ways out of which only one is correctly spelt. Choose the correctly spelt word.

167. A word has been written in four different ways out of which only one is correctly spelt. Choose the correctly spelt word.

168. A word has been written in four different ways out of which only one is correctly spelt. Choose the correctly spelt word.

169. A word has been written in four different ways out of which only one is correctly spelt. Choose the correctly spelt word.

170. A word has been written in four different ways out of which only one is correctly spelt. Choose the correctly spelt word.

171. A sentence has been broken into four parts. Choose the part that has an error.

172. A sentence has been broken into four parts. Choose the part that has an error.

173. A sentence has been broken into four parts. Choose the part that has an error.

174. A sentence has been broken into four parts. Choose the part that has an error.

175. A sentence has been broken into four parts. Choose the part that has an error.

176. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

The collapse in the price of oil has come as a big shock not only to the Russian economy, but also to its political system. As the price falls from its peak earlier in the year of \$115 a barrel to below \$50, the government faces some harsh choices. Fifty-two per cent of Russia’s budget revenues are derived from the energy sector. And even though the energy sector comprises only 27 percent of its total economy, the crisis has deflated much of Russia’s self-confidence, and will in the immediate term force the adoption of some drastic economic measures. In the long term, it may set Russia on a new political path. Sanctions and the downward momentum of oil prices have inflicted powerful economic damage on Russia. Government actions halted the slide, notably pumping capital into the banking system and ruling out capital controls. This maintained confidence in the banks and prevented panic withdrawals by depositors. Yet if interest rates were kept at 17 percent , the economy would be ruined. Investment, already low, would fall further. The oligarch class is deeply opposed to the imposition of capital controls, but the government may well soon be running out of other options. The so-called policy of “deoffshorisation” and nationalisation of the elites has been at the heart of Putin’s third-term presidency, and it is now accelerated by the sanctions and the economic crisis as a whole. The likelihood of a potential split between Putin and the economic elite is low, yet we know that when a bank run starts, it is almost impossible to stop. Putin has done his best to not to let it show in personal appearances. In his annual address in December, Putin outlined the key challenges facing Russia. He indicated that rather than intensifying state controls, the crisis would force Russia to liberalise and to develop a more dynamic small and medium business sector. Above all, he suggested that Russia would not turn to the past for models of its future. The speech was a surprisingly measured response to the challenges at that time. It refused to accept that Russia was isolated, and it outlined a surprisingly liberal trajectory for Russia’s development – at a time where many in the west were expecting Putin to tighten the screws and isolate itself further, The system, however, is built to sustain inertia, and operates within the framework of balancing the various factions. The crisis may precisely force a breakout from the economic dead end and political stalemate to achieve a meaningful rejuvenation of the polity and the economy. Putin is a master at the unexpected feint and demarche, and as a result of this crisis, he may well surprise us yet.

Question : As a result of the current oil crises, Putin

177. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

The collapse in the price of oil has come as a big shock not only to the Russian economy, but also to its political system. As the price falls from its peak earlier in the year of \$115 a barrel to below \$50, the government faces some harsh choices. Fifty-two per cent of Russia’s budget revenues are derived from the energy sector. And even though the energy sector comprises only 27 percent of its total economy, the crisis has deflated much of Russia’s self-confidence, and will in the immediate term force the adoption of some drastic economic measures. In the long term, it may set Russia on a new political path. Sanctions and the downward momentum of oil prices have inflicted powerful economic damage on Russia. Government actions halted the slide, notably pumping capital into the banking system and ruling out capital controls. This maintained confidence in the banks and prevented panic withdrawals by depositors. Yet if interest rates were kept at 17 percent , the economy would be ruined. Investment, already low, would fall further. The oligarch class is deeply opposed to the imposition of capital controls, but the government may well soon be running out of other options. The so-called policy of “deoffshorisation” and nationalisation of the elites has been at the heart of Putin’s third-term presidency, and it is now accelerated by the sanctions and the economic crisis as a whole. The likelihood of a potential split between Putin and the economic elite is low, yet we know that when a bank run starts, it is almost impossible to stop. Putin has done his best to not to let it show in personal appearances. In his annual address in December, Putin outlined the key challenges facing Russia. He indicated that rather than intensifying state controls, the crisis would force Russia to liberalise and to develop a more dynamic small and medium business sector. Above all, he suggested that Russia would not turn to the past for models of its future. The speech was a surprisingly measured response to the challenges at that time. It refused to accept that Russia was isolated, and it outlined a surprisingly liberal trajectory for Russia’s development – at a time where many in the west were expecting Putin to tighten the screws and isolate itself further, The system, however, is built to sustain inertia, and operates within the framework of balancing the various factions. The crisis may precisely force a breakout from the economic dead end and political stalemate to achieve a meaningful rejuvenation of the polity and the economy. Putin is a master at the unexpected feint and demarche, and as a result of this crisis, he may well surprise us yet.

Question : In the recent past, Putin has indicated that

178. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

The collapse in the price of oil has come as a big shock not only to the Russian economy, but also to its political system. As the price falls from its peak earlier in the year of \$115 a barrel to below \$50, the government faces some harsh choices. Fifty-two per cent of Russia’s budget revenues are derived from the energy sector. And even though the energy sector comprises only 27 percent of its total economy, the crisis has deflated much of Russia’s self-confidence, and will in the immediate term force the adoption of some drastic economic measures. In the long term, it may set Russia on a new political path. Sanctions and the downward momentum of oil prices have inflicted powerful economic damage on Russia. Government actions halted the slide, notably pumping capital into the banking system and ruling out capital controls. This maintained confidence in the banks and prevented panic withdrawals by depositors. Yet if interest rates were kept at 17 percent , the economy would be ruined. Investment, already low, would fall further. The oligarch class is deeply opposed to the imposition of capital controls, but the government may well soon be running out of other options. The so-called policy of “deoffshorisation” and nationalisation of the elites has been at the heart of Putin’s third-term presidency, and it is now accelerated by the sanctions and the economic crisis as a whole. The likelihood of a potential split between Putin and the economic elite is low, yet we know that when a bank run starts, it is almost impossible to stop. Putin has done his best to not to let it show in personal appearances. In his annual address in December, Putin outlined the key challenges facing Russia. He indicated that rather than intensifying state controls, the crisis would force Russia to liberalise and to develop a more dynamic small and medium business sector. Above all, he suggested that Russia would not turn to the past for models of its future. The speech was a surprisingly measured response to the challenges at that time. It refused to accept that Russia was isolated, and it outlined a surprisingly liberal trajectory for Russia’s development – at a time where many in the west were expecting Putin to tighten the screws and isolate itself further, The system, however, is built to sustain inertia, and operates within the framework of balancing the various factions. The crisis may precisely force a breakout from the economic dead end and political stalemate to achieve a meaningful rejuvenation of the polity and the economy. Putin is a master at the unexpected feint and demarche, and as a result of this crisis, he may well surprise us yet.

Question : To overcome the current economic crisis in Russia, the government has

179. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

The collapse in the price of oil has come as a big shock not only to the Russian economy, but also to its political system. As the price falls from its peak earlier in the year of \$115 a barrel to below \$50, the government faces some harsh choices. Fifty-two per cent of Russia’s budget revenues are derived from the energy sector. And even though the energy sector comprises only 27 percent of its total economy, the crisis has deflated much of Russia’s self-confidence, and will in the immediate term force the adoption of some drastic economic measures. In the long term, it may set Russia on a new political path. Sanctions and the downward momentum of oil prices have inflicted powerful economic damage on Russia. Government actions halted the slide, notably pumping capital into the banking system and ruling out capital controls. This maintained confidence in the banks and prevented panic withdrawals by depositors. Yet if interest rates were kept at 17 percent , the economy would be ruined. Investment, already low, would fall further. The oligarch class is deeply opposed to the imposition of capital controls, but the government may well soon be running out of other options. The so-called policy of “deoffshorisation” and nationalisation of the elites has been at the heart of Putin’s third-term presidency, and it is now accelerated by the sanctions and the economic crisis as a whole. The likelihood of a potential split between Putin and the economic elite is low, yet we know that when a bank run starts, it is almost impossible to stop. Putin has done his best to not to let it show in personal appearances. In his annual address in December, Putin outlined the key challenges facing Russia. He indicated that rather than intensifying state controls, the crisis would force Russia to liberalise and to develop a more dynamic small and medium business sector. Above all, he suggested that Russia would not turn to the past for models of its future. The speech was a surprisingly measured response to the challenges at that time. It refused to accept that Russia was isolated, and it outlined a surprisingly liberal trajectory for Russia’s development – at a time where many in the west were expecting Putin to tighten the screws and isolate itself further, The system, however, is built to sustain inertia, and operates within the framework of balancing the various factions. The crisis may precisely force a breakout from the economic dead end and political stalemate to achieve a meaningful rejuvenation of the polity and the economy. Putin is a master at the unexpected feint and demarche, and as a result of this crisis, he may well surprise us yet.

Question : As per the paragraph, which of the following statements is not true?

180. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

The Rajapaksa government was insensitive towards India. The new Lankan government will have its own set of priorities but it should also understand India’s worries. For example, India is concerned about the increasing Chinese presence in Sri Lanka. While we should have close relations with China, we must also assuage India’s fears. In addition, we need better people-to-people contact between the two countries. It should not be very difficult to ensure our shared culture and the fact that most professionals in both countries speak the same language. We also need to work harder to secure more private Indian investment and make better use of India’s financial assistance. Instead of using funds only for construction, Sri Lanka must use India’s experience in HRD too. Sri Lanka’s high commissioner in New Delhi has been working on improving relations between the two business communities but we should also move swiftly on the Free Trade Agreement, which has been held up for years. This does not mean ignoring the concerns of Lankan businessmen who sometimes have got a raw deal from Indian state governments. But such matters should be discussed frankly and solutions must be found to facilitate the economic partnerships that the region needs. Sri Lanka could also establish a special relationship with India, which will bring SAARC on a par with other regional groups. This region has problems because of the traditional rivalry between India and Pakistan. Sri Lanka which is in a position to win the trust or both countries, should take the lead in suggesting cooperation on education cultural engagement and disaster management. A synergistic attitude on these issues could be productive for the whole region. India’s expertise can also help strengthen Sri Lanka’s independent institutions. By voting out Rajapaksa, the electorate has made it clear that it is tired of an over mighty executive. But we should not make the mistake of thinking that a change of guard will solve the problem. To avoid a recurrence, we must strengthen alternative repositories of authority. We must ensure that norms prevalent in other parliaments are implemented here too. For example, we must have more effective consultative committees and prevent members of the executive from chairing these or financial oversight committees.

Question : After defeating Rajapaksa, the people of Sri Lanka should

181. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

The Rajapaksa government was insensitive towards India. The new Lankan government will have its own set of priorities but it should also understand India’s worries. For example, India is concerned about the increasing Chinese presence in Sri Lanka. While we should have close relations with China, we must also assuage India’s fears. In addition, we need better people-to-people contact between the two countries. It should not be very difficult to ensure our shared culture and the fact that most professionals in both countries speak the same language. We also need to work harder to secure more private Indian investment and make better use of India’s financial assistance. Instead of using funds only for construction, Sri Lanka must use India’s experience in HRD too. Sri Lanka’s high commissioner in New Delhi has been working on improving relations between the two business communities but we should also move swiftly on the Free Trade Agreement, which has been held up for years. This does not mean ignoring the concerns of Lankan businessmen who sometimes have got a raw deal from Indian state governments. But such matters should be discussed frankly and solutions must be found to facilitate the economic partnerships that the region needs. Sri Lanka could also establish a special relationship with India, which will bring SAARC on a par with other regional groups. This region has problems because of the traditional rivalry between India and Pakistan. Sri Lanka which is in a position to win the trust or both countries, should take the lead in suggesting cooperation on education cultural engagement and disaster management. A synergistic attitude on these issues could be productive for the whole region. India’s expertise can also help strengthen Sri Lanka’s independent institutions. By voting out Rajapaksa, the electorate has made it clear that it is tired of an over mighty executive. But we should not make the mistake of thinking that a change of guard will solve the problem. To avoid a recurrence, we must strengthen alternative repositories of authority. We must ensure that norms prevalent in other parliaments are implemented here too. For example, we must have more effective consultative committees and prevent members of the executive from chairing these or financial oversight committees.

Question : The new government in Sri Lanka needs to ensure that they

182. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

The Rajapaksa government was insensitive towards India. The new Lankan government will have its own set of priorities but it should also understand India’s worries. For example, India is concerned about the increasing Chinese presence in Sri Lanka. While we should have close relations with China, we must also assuage India’s fears. In addition, we need better people-to-people contact between the two countries. It should not be very difficult to ensure our shared culture and the fact that most professionals in both countries speak the same language. We also need to work harder to secure more private Indian investment and make better use of India’s financial assistance. Instead of using funds only for construction, Sri Lanka must use India’s experience in HRD too. Sri Lanka’s high commissioner in New Delhi has been working on improving relations between the two business communities but we should also move swiftly on the Free Trade Agreement, which has been held up for years. This does not mean ignoring the concerns of Lankan businessmen who sometimes have got a raw deal from Indian state governments. But such matters should be discussed frankly and solutions must be found to facilitate the economic partnerships that the region needs. Sri Lanka could also establish a special relationship with India, which will bring SAARC on a par with other regional groups. This region has problems because of the traditional rivalry between India and Pakistan. Sri Lanka which is in a position to win the trust or both countries, should take the lead in suggesting cooperation on education cultural engagement and disaster management. A synergistic attitude on these issues could be productive for the whole region. India’s expertise can also help strengthen Sri Lanka’s independent institutions. By voting out Rajapaksa, the electorate has made it clear that it is tired of an over mighty executive. But we should not make the mistake of thinking that a change of guard will solve the problem. To avoid a recurrence, we must strengthen alternative repositories of authority. We must ensure that norms prevalent in other parliaments are implemented here too. For example, we must have more effective consultative committees and prevent members of the executive from chairing these or financial oversight committees.

Question : In the past, businessmen from Sri Lanka

183. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

The Rajapaksa government was insensitive towards India. The new Lankan government will have its own set of priorities but it should also understand India’s worries. For example, India is concerned about the increasing Chinese presence in Sri Lanka. While we should have close relations with China, we must also assuage India’s fears. In addition, we need better people-to-people contact between the two countries. It should not be very difficult to ensure our shared culture and the fact that most professionals in both countries speak the same language. We also need to work harder to secure more private Indian investment and make better use of India’s financial assistance. Instead of using funds only for construction, Sri Lanka must use India’s experience in HRD too. Sri Lanka’s high commissioner in New Delhi has been working on improving relations between the two business communities but we should also move swiftly on the Free Trade Agreement, which has been held up for years. This does not mean ignoring the concerns of Lankan businessmen who sometimes have got a raw deal from Indian state governments. But such matters should be discussed frankly and solutions must be found to facilitate the economic partnerships that the region needs. Sri Lanka could also establish a special relationship with India, which will bring SAARC on a par with other regional groups. This region has problems because of the traditional rivalry between India and Pakistan. Sri Lanka which is in a position to win the trust or both countries, should take the lead in suggesting cooperation on education cultural engagement and disaster management. A synergistic attitude on these issues could be productive for the whole region. India’s expertise can also help strengthen Sri Lanka’s independent institutions. By voting out Rajapaksa, the electorate has made it clear that it is tired of an over mighty executive. But we should not make the mistake of thinking that a change of guard will solve the problem. To avoid a recurrence, we must strengthen alternative repositories of authority. We must ensure that norms prevalent in other parliaments are implemented here too. For example, we must have more effective consultative committees and prevent members of the executive from chairing these or financial oversight committees.

Question : As per the paragraph, which of the following statements is not true?

184. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

Gold imports have skyrocketed despite the global price of the yellow metal weakening. That signals that gold has not lost its sheen as an investment choice. The government is worried that the surge in gold imports could undermine the country’s balance of payments position. The worry is not misplaced. India’s current account deficit is within limits of prudence, due to the sharp drop in global crude prices, but splurging foreign exchange on imported gold will negate these gains. Anecdotal evidence suggests that people are using their unaccounted money to buy jewellery and bullion, shunning financial instruments that create audit trails. So, the need is to establish audit trails of these transactions. One way would be for the Centre to impose a nominal 1 percent excise duty on jewellery, to create audit trails and curb the use of black money to fund gold purchases. Jewellery purchases in cash of over Rs 5 lakh is captured under the annual information returns (AIR) that identify potential taxpayers by examining their expenditure patterns. AIR creates an audit trail too, but there are no trails for cash purchases below Rs 5 lakh. The import surge is being attributed to a relaxation of the 80:20 scheme—at least one-fifth of every lot of imported gold is exclusively made available for exports, and the balance for domestic use—for star and premier trading houses. However, the government should desist from any attempt to restrict the demand for gold through quantitative restrictions or impose higher import duties, as it would only encourage smuggling. Investors will dump gold when the economy grows, and they regain confidence that financial instruments would yield decent returns. The government should also be persistent in marketing alternative financial instruments such as inflation-indexed bonds, and restore people’s faith in financial instruments. Implementation of the goods and service tax and direct tax reform to lower rates and widen the base would also curtail black money and the demand for gold in which to store black money.

Question : Which of the following actions of the government may create new and more smugglers in India?

185. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

Gold imports have skyrocketed despite the global price of the yellow metal weakening. That signals that gold has not lost its sheen as an investment choice. The government is worried that the surge in gold imports could undermine the country’s balance of payments position. The worry is not misplaced. India’s current account deficit is within limits of prudence, due to the sharp drop in global crude prices, but splurging foreign exchange on imported gold will negate these gains. Anecdotal evidence suggests that people are using their unaccounted money to buy jewellery and bullion, shunning financial instruments that create audit trails. So, the need is to establish audit trails of these transactions. One way would be for the Centre to impose a nominal 1 percent excise duty on jewellery, to create audit trails and curb the use of black money to fund gold purchases. Jewellery purchases in cash of over Rs 5 lakh is captured under the annual information returns (AIR) that identify potential taxpayers by examining their expenditure patterns. AIR creates an audit trail too, but there are no trails for cash purchases below Rs 5 lakh. The import surge is being attributed to a relaxation of the 80:20 scheme—at least one-fifth of every lot of imported gold is exclusively made available for exports, and the balance for domestic use—for star and premier trading houses. However, the government should desist from any attempt to restrict the demand for gold through quantitative restrictions or impose higher import duties, as it would only encourage smuggling. Investors will dump gold when the economy grows, and they regain confidence that financial instruments would yield decent returns. The government should also be persistent in marketing alternative financial instruments such as inflation-indexed bonds, and restore people’s faith in financial instruments. Implementation of the goods and service tax and direct tax reform to lower rates and widen the base would also curtail black money and the demand for gold in which to store black money.

Question : In the recent past, due to increase in gold imports, India

186. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

Gold imports have skyrocketed despite the global price of the yellow metal weakening. That signals that gold has not lost its sheen as an investment choice. The government is worried that the surge in gold imports could undermine the country’s balance of payments position. The worry is not misplaced. India’s current account deficit is within limits of prudence, due to the sharp drop in global crude prices, but splurging foreign exchange on imported gold will negate these gains. Anecdotal evidence suggests that people are using their unaccounted money to buy jewellery and bullion, shunning financial instruments that create audit trails. So, the need is to establish audit trails of these transactions. One way would be for the Centre to impose a nominal 1 percent excise duty on jewellery, to create audit trails and curb the use of black money to fund gold purchases. Jewellery purchases in cash of over Rs 5 lakh is captured under the annual information returns (AIR) that identify potential taxpayers by examining their expenditure patterns. AIR creates an audit trail too, but there are no trails for cash purchases below Rs 5 lakh. The import surge is being attributed to a relaxation of the 80:20 scheme—at least one-fifth of every lot of imported gold is exclusively made available for exports, and the balance for domestic use—for star and premier trading houses. However, the government should desist from any attempt to restrict the demand for gold through quantitative restrictions or impose higher import duties, as it would only encourage smuggling. Investors will dump gold when the economy grows, and they regain confidence that financial instruments would yield decent returns. The government should also be persistent in marketing alternative financial instruments such as inflation-indexed bonds, and restore people’s faith in financial instruments. Implementation of the goods and service tax and direct tax reform to lower rates and widen the base would also curtail black money and the demand for gold in which to store black money.

Question : The government fears that excessive imports of gold will

187. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

Gold imports have skyrocketed despite the global price of the yellow metal weakening. That signals that gold has not lost its sheen as an investment choice. The government is worried that the surge in gold imports could undermine the country’s balance of payments position. The worry is not misplaced. India’s current account deficit is within limits of prudence, due to the sharp drop in global crude prices, but splurging foreign exchange on imported gold will negate these gains. Anecdotal evidence suggests that people are using their unaccounted money to buy jewellery and bullion, shunning financial instruments that create audit trails. So, the need is to establish audit trails of these transactions. One way would be for the Centre to impose a nominal 1 percent excise duty on jewellery, to create audit trails and curb the use of black money to fund gold purchases. Jewellery purchases in cash of over Rs 5 lakh is captured under the annual information returns (AIR) that identify potential taxpayers by examining their expenditure patterns. AIR creates an audit trail too, but there are no trails for cash purchases below Rs 5 lakh. The import surge is being attributed to a relaxation of the 80:20 scheme—at least one-fifth of every lot of imported gold is exclusively made available for exports, and the balance for domestic use—for star and premier trading houses. However, the government should desist from any attempt to restrict the demand for gold through quantitative restrictions or impose higher import duties, as it would only encourage smuggling. Investors will dump gold when the economy grows, and they regain confidence that financial instruments would yield decent returns. The government should also be persistent in marketing alternative financial instruments such as inflation-indexed bonds, and restore people’s faith in financial instruments. Implementation of the goods and service tax and direct tax reform to lower rates and widen the base would also curtail black money and the demand for gold in which to store black money.

Question : As per the paragraph, which of the following statements is not true?

188. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

Online marketplace Snapdeal.com is seeking to acquire a significant stake in a logistics company or form a joint venture with one to overcome the delivery challenges in India’s fast growing e-commerce market, two people familiar with the matter said. Snapdeal is flushed with funds, having raised \$627 million (about Rs 3,845 crore at the then exchange rate) from Japanese internet, media and telecom conglomerate SoftBank in October. “They are keen to have something of their own but it is too late to build a network from scratch,” one of the people quoted above said on condition of anonymity. “They are considering all options, including a significant stake buy or a joint venture to have some control on quality.” The second person, who also declined to be named, said Snapdeal is most interested to start with a minority stake with a right to buy the remaining stake later. “They want a company with a pan-India network with a significant presence in tier-II and III cities. They also want the company to have a good reverse logistics capability,” this person said. Snapdeal declined comment on queries related to their plan to get into logistics. But people close to the development said the thought is that once it takes over a significant minority stake, Snapdeal will invest in IT and synchronise it with its own platform over a period of time. Snapdeal does not want to run the company immediately as logistics is not its primary business and it also lacks service relationship in the unorganised logistics market, these people said. According to them, founder and CEO is driving the process. Snapdeal remains the only big e-tailer in India that does not have a captive delivery arm and relies completely on third-party logistics. Flipkart has e-kart and Jabong has GoJavas, which handle a significant portion of their total shipments. GoJavas has now been spun-off but still works for Jabong’s deliveries. Amazon is also investing to build its own logistics network.

Question : Currently, Snapdeal is facing which of the following problems?

189. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

Online marketplace Snapdeal.com is seeking to acquire a significant stake in a logistics company or form a joint venture with one to overcome the delivery challenges in India’s fast growing e-commerce market, two people familiar with the matter said. Snapdeal is flushed with funds, having raised \$627 million (about Rs 3,845 crore at the then exchange rate) from Japanese internet, media and telecom conglomerate SoftBank in October. “They are keen to have something of their own but it is too late to build a network from scratch,” one of the people quoted above said on condition of anonymity. “They are considering all options, including a significant stake buy or a joint venture to have some control on quality.” The second person, who also declined to be named, said Snapdeal is most interested to start with a minority stake with a right to buy the remaining stake later. “They want a company with a pan-India network with a significant presence in tier-II and III cities. They also want the company to have a good reverse logistics capability,” this person said. Snapdeal declined comment on queries related to their plan to get into logistics. But people close to the development said the thought is that once it takes over a significant minority stake, Snapdeal will invest in IT and synchronise it with its own platform over a period of time. Snapdeal does not want to run the company immediately as logistics is not its primary business and it also lacks service relationship in the unorganised logistics market, these people said. According to them, founder and CEO is driving the process. Snapdeal remains the only big e-tailer in India that does not have a captive delivery arm and relies completely on third-party logistics. Flipkart has e-kart and Jabong has GoJavas, which handle a significant portion of their total shipments. GoJavas has now been spun-off but still works for Jabong’s deliveries. Amazon is also investing to build its own logistics network.

Question : Most leading e-commerce companies in India

190. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

Online marketplace Snapdeal.com is seeking to acquire a significant stake in a logistics company or form a joint venture with one to overcome the delivery challenges in India’s fast growing e-commerce market, two people familiar with the matter said. Snapdeal is flushed with funds, having raised \$627 million (about Rs 3,845 crore at the then exchange rate) from Japanese internet, media and telecom conglomerate SoftBank in October. “They are keen to have something of their own but it is too late to build a network from scratch,” one of the people quoted above said on condition of anonymity. “They are considering all options, including a significant stake buy or a joint venture to have some control on quality.” The second person, who also declined to be named, said Snapdeal is most interested to start with a minority stake with a right to buy the remaining stake later. “They want a company with a pan-India network with a significant presence in tier-II and III cities. They also want the company to have a good reverse logistics capability,” this person said. Snapdeal declined comment on queries related to their plan to get into logistics. But people close to the development said the thought is that once it takes over a significant minority stake, Snapdeal will invest in IT and synchronise it with its own platform over a period of time. Snapdeal does not want to run the company immediately as logistics is not its primary business and it also lacks service relationship in the unorganised logistics market, these people said. According to them, founder and CEO is driving the process. Snapdeal remains the only big e-tailer in India that does not have a captive delivery arm and relies completely on third-party logistics. Flipkart has e-kart and Jabong has GoJavas, which handle a significant portion of their total shipments. GoJavas has now been spun-off but still works for Jabong’s deliveries. Amazon is also investing to build its own logistics network.

Question : To meet its delivery challenges, Snapdeal plans to

191. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

Online marketplace Snapdeal.com is seeking to acquire a significant stake in a logistics company or form a joint venture with one to overcome the delivery challenges in India’s fast growing e-commerce market, two people familiar with the matter said. Snapdeal is flushed with funds, having raised \$627 million (about Rs 3,845 crore at the then exchange rate) from Japanese internet, media and telecom conglomerate SoftBank in October. “They are keen to have something of their own but it is too late to build a network from scratch,” one of the people quoted above said on condition of anonymity. “They are considering all options, including a significant stake buy or a joint venture to have some control on quality.” The second person, who also declined to be named, said Snapdeal is most interested to start with a minority stake with a right to buy the remaining stake later. “They want a company with a pan-India network with a significant presence in tier-II and III cities. They also want the company to have a good reverse logistics capability,” this person said. Snapdeal declined comment on queries related to their plan to get into logistics. But people close to the development said the thought is that once it takes over a significant minority stake, Snapdeal will invest in IT and synchronise it with its own platform over a period of time. Snapdeal does not want to run the company immediately as logistics is not its primary business and it also lacks service relationship in the unorganised logistics market, these people said. According to them, founder and CEO is driving the process. Snapdeal remains the only big e-tailer in India that does not have a captive delivery arm and relies completely on third-party logistics. Flipkart has e-kart and Jabong has GoJavas, which handle a significant portion of their total shipments. GoJavas has now been spun-off but still works for Jabong’s deliveries. Amazon is also investing to build its own logistics network.

Question : As per the paragraph, which of the following statements is not true?

192. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

Minister for Agriculture on the occasion of World Fisheries Day informed that the Government is focused to usher in a Blue Revolution meaning increase in fish, production and productivity in the country on the occasion of World Fisheries Day. National Fisheries Development Board under Ministry of Agriculture organized celebrations on World Fisheries Day at Pragati Maidan. The Minister informed that India ranks world number two in fish production and also the second highest aquaculture country in the world. India with a fishermen population of 14.5 million and a coastal line of 8118 kilometers can rise to be a major player in the world fisheries. India also has a fleet of 200,000 fishing vessels and last year has exported fish worth 5 billion US dollars. The Minister informed that India has a vast area of unutilized and untapped Inland water resources and is short of for quality fish seed and formulated fish feed and government will focus on filling the critical gaps. He informed that the Government has announced a new scheme “Blue Revolution-Inland Fisheries” in the last budget session and the Government is likely to launch very soon a programme to usher in Blue Revolution in the country. Even though, the per capita income consumption in the world for fish is 18 kilograms per annum, India stands at 8 kilograms. India currently produces 9.58 million metric tonnes of fish out of which 64 percent of production is Inland and 36 percent is from marine sources. The Minister also informed that the fisheries can be an engine of growth due to high growth rates of 7.9 percent in Inland fisheries last year. He also informed that Fisheries sector in our country is a small scale nature with vast majorities of stakeholders along the value chain from production to consumption. In India, fisheries is recognized as a powerful income and employment generator as it stimulates growth of a number of subsidiary sectors. Fisheries in both inland and marine waters have been contributing as an important source of livelihood and supplies nutritious protein for the growing population. In fact, with exponential increase in human populations, the food demand, shrinkage of cultivable land and decline in the agricultural productivity, role of fisheries sector to fulfil the growing demand for food is of paramount importance for nutritional security. From a mere traditional activity years ago, the fisheries sector has transformed into a significant commercial enterprise with an impressive growth in recent times. As per the latest FAG statistics released in 2014 (The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2014), the global fish production has reached to 158 million tonnes, with food fish supply increasing at an average annual rate of 3.2 percent, outpacing world population growth at 1.6 percent.

Question : Government plans to encourage fish production due to

193. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

Minister for Agriculture on the occasion of World Fisheries Day informed that the Government is focused to usher in a Blue Revolution meaning increase in fish, production and productivity in the country on the occasion of World Fisheries Day. National Fisheries Development Board under Ministry of Agriculture organized celebrations on World Fisheries Day at Pragati Maidan. The Minister informed that India ranks world number two in fish production and also the second highest aquaculture country in the world. India with a fishermen population of 14.5 million and a coastal line of 8118 kilometers can rise to be a major player in the world fisheries. India also has a fleet of 200,000 fishing vessels and last year has exported fish worth 5 billion US dollars. The Minister informed that India has a vast area of unutilized and untapped Inland water resources and is short of for quality fish seed and formulated fish feed and government will focus on filling the critical gaps. He informed that the Government has announced a new scheme “Blue Revolution-Inland Fisheries” in the last budget session and the Government is likely to launch very soon a programme to usher in Blue Revolution in the country. Even though, the per capita income consumption in the world for fish is 18 kilograms per annum, India stands at 8 kilograms. India currently produces 9.58 million metric tonnes of fish out of which 64 percent of production is Inland and 36 percent is from marine sources. The Minister also informed that the fisheries can be an engine of growth due to high growth rates of 7.9 percent in Inland fisheries last year. He also informed that Fisheries sector in our country is a small scale nature with vast majorities of stakeholders along the value chain from production to consumption. In India, fisheries is recognized as a powerful income and employment generator as it stimulates growth of a number of subsidiary sectors. Fisheries in both inland and marine waters have been contributing as an important source of livelihood and supplies nutritious protein for the growing population. In fact, with exponential increase in human populations, the food demand, shrinkage of cultivable land and decline in the agricultural productivity, role of fisheries sector to fulfil the growing demand for food is of paramount importance for nutritional security. From a mere traditional activity years ago, the fisheries sector has transformed into a significant commercial enterprise with an impressive growth in recent times. As per the latest FAG statistics released in 2014 (The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2014), the global fish production has reached to 158 million tonnes, with food fish supply increasing at an average annual rate of 3.2 percent, outpacing world population growth at 1.6 percent.

Question : We need to launch Blue Revolution, as fisheries sector can

194. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

Minister for Agriculture on the occasion of World Fisheries Day informed that the Government is focused to usher in a Blue Revolution meaning increase in fish, production and productivity in the country on the occasion of World Fisheries Day. National Fisheries Development Board under Ministry of Agriculture organized celebrations on World Fisheries Day at Pragati Maidan. The Minister informed that India ranks world number two in fish production and also the second highest aquaculture country in the world. India with a fishermen population of 14.5 million and a coastal line of 8118 kilometers can rise to be a major player in the world fisheries. India also has a fleet of 200,000 fishing vessels and last year has exported fish worth 5 billion US dollars. The Minister informed that India has a vast area of unutilized and untapped Inland water resources and is short of for quality fish seed and formulated fish feed and government will focus on filling the critical gaps. He informed that the Government has announced a new scheme “Blue Revolution-Inland Fisheries” in the last budget session and the Government is likely to launch very soon a programme to usher in Blue Revolution in the country. Even though, the per capita income consumption in the world for fish is 18 kilograms per annum, India stands at 8 kilograms. India currently produces 9.58 million metric tonnes of fish out of which 64 percent of production is Inland and 36 percent is from marine sources. The Minister also informed that the fisheries can be an engine of growth due to high growth rates of 7.9 percent in Inland fisheries last year. He also informed that Fisheries sector in our country is a small scale nature with vast majorities of stakeholders along the value chain from production to consumption. In India, fisheries is recognized as a powerful income and employment generator as it stimulates growth of a number of subsidiary sectors. Fisheries in both inland and marine waters have been contributing as an important source of livelihood and supplies nutritious protein for the growing population. In fact, with exponential increase in human populations, the food demand, shrinkage of cultivable land and decline in the agricultural productivity, role of fisheries sector to fulfil the growing demand for food is of paramount importance for nutritional security. From a mere traditional activity years ago, the fisheries sector has transformed into a significant commercial enterprise with an impressive growth in recent times. As per the latest FAG statistics released in 2014 (The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2014), the global fish production has reached to 158 million tonnes, with food fish supply increasing at an average annual rate of 3.2 percent, outpacing world population growth at 1.6 percent.

Question : Looking at global level, fish production in India is considered

195. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

Minister for Agriculture on the occasion of World Fisheries Day informed that the Government is focused to usher in a Blue Revolution meaning increase in fish, production and productivity in the country on the occasion of World Fisheries Day. National Fisheries Development Board under Ministry of Agriculture organized celebrations on World Fisheries Day at Pragati Maidan. The Minister informed that India ranks world number two in fish production and also the second highest aquaculture country in the world. India with a fishermen population of 14.5 million and a coastal line of 8118 kilometers can rise to be a major player in the world fisheries. India also has a fleet of 200,000 fishing vessels and last year has exported fish worth 5 billion US dollars. The Minister informed that India has a vast area of unutilized and untapped Inland water resources and is short of for quality fish seed and formulated fish feed and government will focus on filling the critical gaps. He informed that the Government has announced a new scheme “Blue Revolution-Inland Fisheries” in the last budget session and the Government is likely to launch very soon a programme to usher in Blue Revolution in the country. Even though, the per capita income consumption in the world for fish is 18 kilograms per annum, India stands at 8 kilograms. India currently produces 9.58 million metric tonnes of fish out of which 64 percent of production is Inland and 36 percent is from marine sources. The Minister also informed that the fisheries can be an engine of growth due to high growth rates of 7.9 percent in Inland fisheries last year. He also informed that Fisheries sector in our country is a small scale nature with vast majorities of stakeholders along the value chain from production to consumption. In India, fisheries is recognized as a powerful income and employment generator as it stimulates growth of a number of subsidiary sectors. Fisheries in both inland and marine waters have been contributing as an important source of livelihood and supplies nutritious protein for the growing population. In fact, with exponential increase in human populations, the food demand, shrinkage of cultivable land and decline in the agricultural productivity, role of fisheries sector to fulfil the growing demand for food is of paramount importance for nutritional security. From a mere traditional activity years ago, the fisheries sector has transformed into a significant commercial enterprise with an impressive growth in recent times. As per the latest FAG statistics released in 2014 (The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2014), the global fish production has reached to 158 million tonnes, with food fish supply increasing at an average annual rate of 3.2 percent, outpacing world population growth at 1.6 percent.

Question : As per the paragraph, which of the following statements is not true?

196. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

Public sector Coal India’s trade unions pose a political challenge to the Narendra Modi government’s desire to reform the economy. The manner in which government deals with the striking unions’, which represent employees of a company that extracts about 80 percent of India’s coal, will signal its resolve in tackling status quo elements who hold back development. Coal India’s unions, including Sangh Parivar-affiliated Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh, oppose the entry of private coal miners. This is an unfair position on both economic and ethical grounds—these unions are exploiting Coal India’s near monopoly to feather their own nest. Coal is India’s largest source of primary commercial energy supply and the power sector’s performance is closely linked to it. India’s nationalisation drive four decades ago brought coal mining within its ambit and left mining largely in the hands of Coal India group. Since then, other sources of energy such as oil and gas have been opened up to private players as there is no economic rationale for the state to allocate its scarce resources to mining which can be done better by others. Areas such as healthcare and education should have priority on state funds as they are the most effective means to provide equality of opportunity. Yet, Coal India’s unions have blocked three successive governments from allowing in professional miners. The unions’ obstinacy has extracted an economic price. Profitable and cash-rich Coal India has in the recent past been unable to meet domestic demand. Consequently, India’s coal imports have galloped in the last three years, pushing up costs which are eventually borne by citizens. Also, ironically, while the unions have opposed private mining in India, they don’t seem to have a problem with private miners abroad supplying about one-fourth of India’s coal consumption. If that coal could be mined in India, more jobs would be created at home and the technology to carry out environmentally less destructive underground mining could be introduced on a larger scale. Coal India’s unions have taken an untenable position. Their recalcitrance has cost India dear over the last decade and it is important for the government to bring them around. Far too often, economic reforms have been stalled by different interest groups who have cloaked partisan interests under the garb of national interest. It shouldn’t happen again.

Question : Unions of Coal India

197. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

Public sector Coal India’s trade unions pose a political challenge to the Narendra Modi government’s desire to reform the economy. The manner in which government deals with the striking unions’, which represent employees of a company that extracts about 80 percent of India’s coal, will signal its resolve in tackling status quo elements who hold back development. Coal India’s unions, including Sangh Parivar-affiliated Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh, oppose the entry of private coal miners. This is an unfair position on both economic and ethical grounds—these unions are exploiting Coal India’s near monopoly to feather their own nest. Coal is India’s largest source of primary commercial energy supply and the power sector’s performance is closely linked to it. India’s nationalisation drive four decades ago brought coal mining within its ambit and left mining largely in the hands of Coal India group. Since then, other sources of energy such as oil and gas have been opened up to private players as there is no economic rationale for the state to allocate its scarce resources to mining which can be done better by others. Areas such as healthcare and education should have priority on state funds as they are the most effective means to provide equality of opportunity. Yet, Coal India’s unions have blocked three successive governments from allowing in professional miners. The unions’ obstinacy has extracted an economic price. Profitable and cash-rich Coal India has in the recent past been unable to meet domestic demand. Consequently, India’s coal imports have galloped in the last three years, pushing up costs which are eventually borne by citizens. Also, ironically, while the unions have opposed private mining in India, they don’t seem to have a problem with private miners abroad supplying about one-fourth of India’s coal consumption. If that coal could be mined in India, more jobs would be created at home and the technology to carry out environmentally less destructive underground mining could be introduced on a larger scale. Coal India’s unions have taken an untenable position. Their recalcitrance has cost India dear over the last decade and it is important for the government to bring them around. Far too often, economic reforms have been stalled by different interest groups who have cloaked partisan interests under the garb of national interest. It shouldn’t happen again.

Question : Coal India’s Unions are presently

198. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

Public sector Coal India’s trade unions pose a political challenge to the Narendra Modi government’s desire to reform the economy. The manner in which government deals with the striking unions’, which represent employees of a company that extracts about 80 percent of India’s coal, will signal its resolve in tackling status quo elements who hold back development. Coal India’s unions, including Sangh Parivar-affiliated Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh, oppose the entry of private coal miners. This is an unfair position on both economic and ethical grounds—these unions are exploiting Coal India’s near monopoly to feather their own nest. Coal is India’s largest source of primary commercial energy supply and the power sector’s performance is closely linked to it. India’s nationalisation drive four decades ago brought coal mining within its ambit and left mining largely in the hands of Coal India group. Since then, other sources of energy such as oil and gas have been opened up to private players as there is no economic rationale for the state to allocate its scarce resources to mining which can be done better by others. Areas such as healthcare and education should have priority on state funds as they are the most effective means to provide equality of opportunity. Yet, Coal India’s unions have blocked three successive governments from allowing in professional miners. The unions’ obstinacy has extracted an economic price. Profitable and cash-rich Coal India has in the recent past been unable to meet domestic demand. Consequently, India’s coal imports have galloped in the last three years, pushing up costs which are eventually borne by citizens. Also, ironically, while the unions have opposed private mining in India, they don’t seem to have a problem with private miners abroad supplying about one-fourth of India’s coal consumption. If that coal could be mined in India, more jobs would be created at home and the technology to carry out environmentally less destructive underground mining could be introduced on a larger scale. Coal India’s unions have taken an untenable position. Their recalcitrance has cost India dear over the last decade and it is important for the government to bring them around. Far too often, economic reforms have been stalled by different interest groups who have cloaked partisan interests under the garb of national interest. It shouldn’t happen again.

Question : During the past few years, performance of Coal India to meet domestic demand of coal has been

199. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

Myntra, recently acquired by Flipkart, is seeking bigger discounts from retailers and brands by virtue of its increased sway in the fashion e-commerce space, in a move that’s being likened by vendors to Amazon’s pressure on book publishers. Brands that were already giving higher margins to Myntra said the No. 1 online fashion retailer is asking apparel makers for more. “Earlier margins varied between 28 percent to 32 percent . Now, they have increased it outright to 36-38 percent and some weaker players are even asked to give 40 percent margins,” said a retail consultant who works with many brands. Several apparel, footwear, fashion and lifestyle vendors ET spoke with echoed this. Most of them say margins at brick-and-mortar franchises are generally pegged at 30-35 percent . Companies said online retailers are engaged in a difficult balancing act of offering deep discounts to consumers on the one hand and trying to make a profit on the other hand. In the process, vendors get squeezed further, they said. “A lot of manufacturers are hooked to the volume drug. Now, Myntra is saying give us bigger discounts otherwise we won’t do volumes from you or even block your products,” said the head of a large apparel brand asking not to be named. “For more and more companies, their businesses are dependent on them. It earlier happened to small electronic manufacturers from e-commerce companies. Now, fashion apparel companies are getting hammered.” Joint MD of Mandhana Industries, which markets Salman Khan’s Being Human Lifestyle brand, said online retailers are focusing not just on acquiring customers but also turning profitable. “They have realised that they have become the largest selling platform,” he said. Adding that almost 15 percent of Being Human’s revenue currently comes from e-commerce sites and almost half of this from Myntra alone. “So obviously they are pressurising (retailers) and they themselves are under pressure as e-commerce companies are burning cash by giving discounts. In order to save some margins for themselves they are pushing brands to give better margins.” E-commerce companies need to achieve profitability by creating efficiencies in their supply chain, besides reducing their skyrocketing marketing and staff costs and not by asking for more discounts from brands. CEO of Arvind Lifestyle Brands, which sells labels including US Polo Association and Nautica, on Myntra, said the e-commerce company did not approach him for bigger margins. “We are only concerned they don’t undervalue our brands by discounting. We ensure that doesn’t happen and it is part of our agreement,” he said. In the US, Amazon.com has been accused by some vendors publishers of using its clout to put pressure on them. The consultant cited above said the acquisition of Myntra by Flipkart could lead to a similar situation in India as well.

Question : From small retailers, Myntra is now asking

200. Study the passages below and answer the question that follows

Myntra, recently acquired by Flipkart, is seeking bigger discounts from retailers and brands by virtue of its increased sway in the fashion e-commerce space, in a move that’s being likened by vendors to Amazon’s pressure on book publishers. Brands that were already giving higher margins to Myntra said the No. 1 online fashion retailer is asking apparel makers for more. “Earlier margins varied between 28 percent to 32 percent . Now, they have increased it outright to 36-38 percent and some weaker players are even asked to give 40 percent margins,” said a retail consultant who works with many brands. Several apparel, footwear, fashion and lifestyle vendors ET spoke with echoed this. Most of them say margins at brick-and-mortar franchises are generally pegged at 30-35 percent . Companies said online retailers are engaged in a difficult balancing act of offering deep discounts to consumers on the one hand and trying to make a profit on the other hand. In the process, vendors get squeezed further, they said. “A lot of manufacturers are hooked to the volume drug. Now, Myntra is saying give us bigger discounts otherwise we won’t do volumes from you or even block your products,” said the head of a large apparel brand asking not to be named. “For more and more companies, their businesses are dependent on them. It earlier happened to small electronic manufacturers from e-commerce companies. Now, fashion apparel companies are getting hammered.” Joint MD of Mandhana Industries, which markets Salman Khan’s Being Human Lifestyle brand, said online retailers are focusing not just on acquiring customers but also turning profitable. “They have realised that they have become the largest selling platform,” he said. Adding that almost 15 percent of Being Human’s revenue currently comes from e-commerce sites and almost half of this from Myntra alone. “So obviously they are pressurising (retailers) and they themselves are under pressure as e-commerce companies are burning cash by giving discounts. In order to save some margins for themselves they are pushing brands to give better margins.” E-commerce companies need to achieve profitability by creating efficiencies in their supply chain, besides reducing their skyrocketing marketing and staff costs and not by asking for more discounts from brands. CEO of Arvind Lifestyle Brands, which sells labels including US Polo Association and Nautica, on Myntra, said the e-commerce company did not approach him for bigger margins. “We are only concerned they don’t undervalue our brands by discounting. We ensure that doesn’t happen and it is part of our agreement,” he said. In the US, Amazon.com has been accused by some vendors publishers of using its clout to put pressure on them. The consultant cited above said the acquisition of Myntra by Flipkart could lead to a similar situation in India as well.

Question : Currently, online commerce companies are involved in

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