# CLAT 2020 Syllabus Official Detailed Section Wise Pattern

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In this article, we have expanded on the Official CLAT 2020 syllabus, to provide information about the expected types and areas of questions that candidates can expect in the upcoming exam. This article is intended as the first step in the preparation process to help our users focus their exam preparation strategy.

## CLAT 2020 Question Paper Pattern

 Maximum Marks in CLAT 2020 200 Marks Duration of the CLAT 2020 Exam 120 Minutes (2 Hours) Type of questions Multiple Choice, Objective Type, Four choices per question Total Number of Questions 200 Questions Negative Marking for wrongly answered questions 25% i.e. 0.25 negative marks per question answered wrongly Negative Marking for unanswered questions No negative marks for unanswered questions**

** Our standard recommendation has always been that candidates should not leave any questions unanswered. Try eliminating the wrong answers or shortlist the possible correct answers and make an informed guess. If you calculate the odds, there is a possibility that you may lose 0.25 marks, but if you eliminate the obviously wrong answers make a guess, there is a much higher probability that you will score a mark.

## CLAT 2020 Section & Topic wise  Breakup of Questions

 English, including reading comprehension 40 Questions General Knowledge (Static GK & Current GK) and Current Affairs 50 Questions Numerical Ability – Elementary Mathematics 20 Questions Legal Aptitude (Legal Reasoning and Legal GK) 50 Questions Logical Reasoning 40 Questions

## Detailed CLAT – Section wise syllabus

###### English Section, including comprehension – 40 Questions

The English section is used to evaluate the candidate’s proficiency in English,  including comprehension of passages and the basics of grammar.

In the comprehension section, candidates will be assessed on their ability to read and understand a given passage of around 300 – 500 words. There will be a set of questions around the central theme of the passage, meanings of terms and words used, , etc. Some of the questions may have a literal answer within the passage (Direct Answers), whereas other may require the candidate to infer the answer from the context of the passage (Indirect Answers).

It is very important that the candidates should only use the information provided in the passage for selecting the answers and should not use any external information, general knowledge or non-contextual inferences.

The grammar section will have questions around the following areas :

• Identifying error(s) in a given sentence of phrase
• Filling in the blanks with missing words
• Synonyms and Antonyms (Meanings & Opposites)
• Identifying misspelled words
• Popular Idioms & Phrases
• Word substitution
• Improving the construction of sentences
• Active or Passive voice of verbs
• Direct and Indirect narration of sentences
• Sorting Shuffled sentences
• Cloze test

How do MagicExam CLAT 2020 Mock Tests help in preparing for the English & Comprehension sections ?

We found that the best approach for the English section is to solve as many relevant MCQs as possible.

By repeating Mock Tests based on a large database of important questions, students will become thorough with almost all types of expected questions. Not only does this strategy increase accuracy, students will also save time in this section, allowing for more time in the Comprehension and Mathematics areas.

At MagicExam, we analysed all the previous CLAT question papers and also papers from other popular exams that have a similar syllabus. We then built a database of almost 20,000 questions, which cover all the important areas as per the official CLAT 2020 syllabus.

We offer the most comprehensive set of 100 CLAT Mock Tests in our prep packs, with Unlimited Access, for extensive practice.

###### CLAT General Knowledge and Current Affairs – 50 Questions

The General knowledge (GK) section is used to test the candidate’s general awareness of both Static GK and Dynamic or Current GK.

Static GK consists of topics which are mostly constant and not likely to change frequently. For example, ‘Which city is the capital of India?‘ is a question whose answer will remain constant year-on-year.

Dynamic GK and current affairs will require the candidate to be relatively updated on various topics that have been in the news in at least the previous six months ahead of the date when the question paper has been finalised.

The topics for both Static and Dynamic GK will include the following :

• National and International current affairs
• Books and Authors
• Famous Personalities
• Science, Technology & Inventions
• Geography
• History
• Movies & Arts
• Politics
• Sports
• Awards and Felicitations
• Recent Events in the news
• Government Policies & Economics

The previous papers should be used as an indicator for predicting the type of dynamic GK questions you can expect in the 2020 exam. For example, if an old question asks ‘Who won the Dada Saheb Phalke award in _ _ _ _ ?‘, you should look up the current year’s answer for this question.

For static GK, there will be a significant scope for repetitions and variations of previous questions.

How do MagicExam CLAT 2020 Mock Tests help in preparing for the General Knowledge and Current Affairs sections ?

For Static GK, we compiled an extensive question bank based on the type of questions that have been asked in the past CLAT papers and other popular exams. There is a significant percentage of repetition from within a set of popular GK questions. We have ensured that our Mock Test question bank contains almost all the important Static GK MCQs.

In case of dynamic GK, we analysed the ideal time frame that students should focus on, by calculating backwards from the time when the CLAT question paper is most likely to be finalised.

We constantly keep adding newer questions into the database, so that the mock tests will be relevant till the exam date. While solving the MagicExam CLAT Mock Tests, students should use the GK questions as indicators to keep themselves updated with the most current information.

###### CLAT Numerical Ability & Elementary Mathematics – 20 Questions

This section will be used to the candidate’s knowledge of elementary mathematics, i.e., mathematics taught up to 10th Class/Standard, based on a standard National Level syllabus such as the CBSE.

Our analysis of the previous question papers shows that the questions are typically based on the following areas :

• Averages
• Basic Algebra
• Basic Geometry
• BODMAS rule (a.k.a PEDMAS rule)
• Calendars
• Clocks
• Indices
• LCM HCF
• Mensuration
• Number Line
• Percentages
• Permutations and Combinations
• Probability
• Profit and Loss
• Pure Maths
• Ratio & Proportion
• Remainder theorem
• Simple & Compound Interest
• Simple Equations
• Time & Distance
• Time & Work
• Venn Diagrams

The ideal approach to practising for this section is to ignore the clock and focus on arriving at the right answer. As you get comfortable with the various standard approaches and your accuracy improves, you should start timing yourself.

How does MagicExam help in preparing for the Numerical Ability – Elementary Mathematics ?

Mathematics is all about practice; and more practice. We analysed the previous question papers and compiled a list of all the probable question types to be covered in our Mock Tests database.

Remember, the level of the questions have to be at a 10th Grade level, typically at a CBSE level, so, you would have already seen these problems in your school days. If you wish to brush up on your basics, there are text-books such as the NCERT publications that are very useful. They can be freely downloaded from : http://ncert.nic.in/textbook/textbook.htm

The Mathematics text books from Grades VII, VIII, IX & X will cover the level of knowledge required as per the official CLAT 2020 Syllabus.

###### CLAT Legal Aptitude or Legal Reasoning – 50 Questions

This section will test the candidate’s interest towards the study of law, research aptitude and problem solving ability. Questions may include legal propositions i.e. Statements or arguments described in the question paper, and a set of facts to which the said proposition has to be applied.

Some propositions may not be “true” in the real sense, candidates will have to assume the “truth” of these propositions and answer the questions accordingly. The official CLAT 2020 syllabus does not provide any other elaboration.

Since the intention here is gauge the candidate’s interest and aptitude, the questions usually do not assume any prior experience in any field of law. The information required for answering is usually given in the question or in the answer choices themselves. There may also be questions based on basic laws and legal rules, that can be understood by applying a little common sense.

In the recent past, questions in the CLAT Legal Aptitude section have been predominantly, ‘principle-fact’ based.  There can be a few questions around Legal General Knowledge, current legal affairs and popular Legal Maxims such as ‘Ab Initio’, ‘Faux Pas’,  ‘Amicus Curae’.

Assertion-Reasoning, and Statement-Assumption questions have also been included in previous CLAT exam question papers. The Legal Section questions are typically from areas such as Torts e.g. Vicarious Liability, Defamation, Trespass and Assault, Contract Law including basics of Agreements, Criminal Law, Constitution of India and Legal topics which have been in the news recently.

To summarise the section about the Legal Aptitude for CLAT 2020, the questions can be at a level where a reasonably educated and informed candidate should be able to answer, without any specific formal study of Law.  Solving the important types of questions from previous exams is extremely important for effective preparation.

How do MagicExam CLAT 2020 Mock Tests help in preparing for Legal Aptitude or Legal Reasoning ?

Our extensive database of questions covers all the types of questions that have been seen in the previous year question papers.

Candidates should practice the sectional mock tests extensively to familiarise themselves with all the important questions. They are also a good cue to help students understand on the type of Legal General Knowledge that can be expected in the CLAT exam.

###### CLAT Logical Reasoning – 40 Questions

As per the official CLAT 2020 syllabus, the logical reasoning section is used to evaluate the candidate’s ability to identify patterns, logical links and rectify illogical arguments. It may include a variety of logical reasoning questions such as syllogisms, logical sequences, analogies, etc. However, it has been officially mentioned in the previous years that ‘visual reasoning’ will not be included in the question types.

The general types of questions expected in CLAT 2020 are :

• Alpha-numeric Series
• Blood Relationship
• Cause and Action
• Circular & Lineal Arrangements
• Clock
• Coding-decoding
• Comparison
• Critical Reasoning
• Data Sufficiency
• Direction sense
• Distribution
• Fact & Inference
• General Relations e.g. Air : Wind :: Water : ?
• Odd-one out
• Puzzles
• Ranking
• Series and Sequence
• Syllogisms
• Word analogy

With 40 questions out of 200, the Logical reasoning section of CLAT 2020 will account for 20% of the overall marks. Unlike the other sections like Legal Aptitude or General Knowledge, the reasoning related questions are less ambiguous and can fetch more number of correct answers.

Solving these logical reasoning questions can also be fun when you are practising. Think of them as ‘brainteasers’ and challenge yourself to solving as many of them as possible in the Mock Tests and previous papers.

How does MagicExam help in preparing for the Logical Reasoning section ?

In this section, we have observed a significant level of repetitions and variations of questions based on previous papers and also from other similar exams, such as the AILET, DU LLB, BHU LLB UET (BLAT). Our database has 1000s of MCQs covering all the important question types.

Refer to this article for a detailed list of the Colleges & Institutions which use CLAT scores for LLB admissions.